Daştan, Seyit Ali
Turkey has liberalized its natural gas market two decades ago and this thesis analyzed the targets and achievements of the Turkish natural gas market liberalization process basing on the tenets of institutional theories. At the center of the reform lies privatization or franchising gas market activities to private companies, transfer of import contracts, and separation of business chains, unbundling of incumbent companies and setting market share limits. These elements merit the application of institutional theories with their focus on transaction cost economics, conduits of rent-seeking, embeddedness in informal rules, and the role of public organizations. The thesis gets to the point that reform objectives have not yet been achieved even two decades after the reform. While there are some improvements in terms of security of supply, the objective of a competitive market was by no means achieved. As the thesis unveils, the reforms in the natural gas market and the liberalization efforts have merit. However, in many cases, the foundational objectives of the reform are not maintained. The failure of Turkish natural gas market reform is evidenced by the incomplete unbundling, problems concerning import licensing and network tariffs, non-market motives in natural gas pricing and investment policies, lack of regulatory commitment and administrative capabilities as well as inefficient sharing of responsibilities among the public authorities.


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Using the four input-output tables compiled in Turkey to date, the aim of this paper is to examine the construction sector’s role in Turkish economy and analyse its relationships with the other sectors of the national economy. Analysis results show that the share of construction in GNP and NI tend to increase whereas the GNP share of manufacturing is relatively stable and that of services tend to increase after an abrupt decrease in 1985; backward linkage indicators and output multipliers as well as forward...
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The history of natural gas in Turkey started in 1970s by the usage of domestic gas in cement factories. However, natural gas began penetrating the energy market in 1980s with the usage of natural gas in Ankara. In the following years, the number of cities using natural gas reached six. Then, a new era started with the enactment of Natural Gas Market Law in 2001 and 53 distribution tenders have been realized by Energy Market Regulatory Authority until 2009. This thesis analyzes the performance of 38 Turkish ...
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Turkey, from 1980s on, has greatly invested in urban usage of natural gas, which is mostly imported. Alongside urban usage, natural gas is now widely consumed for electricity generation and industry. Beginning with 2014, even remote towns are also started to be supplied with natural gas. While there are many environmental and societal advantages of natural gas consumption over coal and fuel-oil, it can be argued that natural gas supply of remote areas is mostly due to social or political concerns. Natural g...
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This study attempts to analyze the deregulation process of downstream oil industry in Turkey and to develop policies concerning Turkish downstream oil industry. Privatization of Petrol Ofisi and TÜPRAŞ and the enactment of the Petroleum Market Law in 2003 were the main implementations of radical deregulation process of downstream oil industry. The main goal of deregulation process has been to create a competitive market. However, establishment of a competitive downstream oil industry has not been achieved, ...
Citation Formats
S. A. Daştan, “AN INSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON TURKISH NATURAL GAS MARKET REFORM,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2021.