The Challenges to French Colonial Rule in Tunisia: Realpolitik in Mediterranean

This research posits the dynamics behind impediments over the French colonial rule over Tunisia in the context of International Relations discipline. In doing so, anarchy notion will be beneficial for explaining the dynamics in the area; main assumptions of this research regard actors that pursues their self-interests in order to maintain their security, and gain power under the anarchic structure. This structure “acts as a constraining and disposing force” in the relations among states. On the other hand, under these circumstances, competition or rivalry among states is inevitable. The process of the collapsing Pax Ottomana replaced hierarchy with anarchy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region in the course of time, which resulted in the arising “Eastern Question” and power competition among European powers in the area. Under French rule, the Tunisian case constituted power rivalry between France, Italy, and British Empire. While their main interests differed in the area, those interests also were conflicting in the time-space bound. The French Empire sought to establish Francophone Empire in Maghreb; on the other hand, Britain’s core interests originated from maintaining the strategic holds and preserving her global status via Mediterranean access. For Italy, which had already prominent settler colonies in Tunisia, it was essential to participate in the colonial race. Indeed, policies in Tunisia were geographically enabling to increase power roles in the Mediterranean, where Britain and especially Italy prevented France from gaining dominant power in the area by benefiting from their subjects there. Especially prominent existence of the Italian settlers and acknowledgment of their national identity by France in 1896 brought forth more challenges to French rule in which was soon troubled by Tunisian nationalism as well.
Uluslararası Suçlar ve Tarih


The marine pollution issue in international relations:The Mediterranean Action Plan
Ziyal, Nur; Bağcı, Hüseyin; Department of International Relations (1994)
The focus of this study is the regional regime established by the Mediterranean states for the protection of the marine environment. As a case study on the current practice of states related to environmental protection, the character of the environmental issue in international relations, the definition of the problem in the Mediterranean Region, the identification of convergent and divergent state interests, and the structure and attributes of the regional regime are analysed. The problem of state complianc...
The politics of recognition of Crimean Tatar collective rights in the post-Soviet period: With special attention to the Russian annexation of Crimea
Aydin, Filiz Tutku; Şahin, Fethi Kurtiy (2019-03-01)
This paper examines the process of how Crimean Tatars strived to attain group differentiated rights since they have returned to their homeland in the early 1990s. Whereas the politics of minority rights were viewed through security lens in earlier literature, we emphasize the significance of cultural constructs in influencing the minority policies, based on qualitative content analysis of "speech acts" of elites, and movement and policy documents. Focusing on the interaction of the framing processes of Crim...
The new imperialism in Central and Eastern Europe
Doğan, Lütfi (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2020-12)
This study examines the Eastern enlargement of the European Union within the frame of imperialism. The existing literature on the Eastern enlargement has typically framed the transition of Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) as “return to Europe” meaning their return to democracy, civil society and market economy. This perspective emphasizes that the enlargement has provided an integration of western and eastern parts of Europe. However, this study argues the Eastern enlargement has crystallized ...
The European Union's strategy towards the Western Balkans: Exclusion or integration?
Türkeş, Mustafa (SAGE Publications, 2006-09-01)
This article analyzes the European Union's strategy towards the Western Balkans as a hegemonic project. The European Commission's strategy is neither total exclusion nor rapid integration. The Commission's aim is to restructure the Western Balkans in line with neoliberalism to prepare the region for the "preincorporation stage." The Commission's major initiatives show that this neoliberal restructuring need not end in full membership but remains an open-ended process. Two components of the Commission's form...
The European Union : an international political actor in the making
Uzgören, Elif; Kahraman, Sevilay; Eralp, Atila; Department of European Studies (2003)
This thesis analyzes the international political actorness of the Union with an emphasis on Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) to generate the international political actor capability on behalf of the Union. The European Community (EC) was an economic and a civilian power during the Cold War and was criticized as an economic giant but a political pygmy. The end of Cold War was both a challenge and an opportunity for the member states to reshape their consolidated form of integration and to politicize...
Citation Formats
M. İ. Çoban, “The Challenges to French Colonial Rule in Tunisia: Realpolitik in Mediterranean,” Uluslararası Suçlar ve Tarih, no. 22, pp. 193–216, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: