The development of Hegel’s immanent approach: ancient scepticism and the method of Phenomenology of Spirit

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2021-9
Aksoy, Barış Engin
This thesis tries to read ancient scepticism as a precedent of Hegel’s method in the Phenomenology of Spirit, and Hegel as the fulfillment of scepticism, as both the most radical form and overcoming or sublation of it. The intersection between Hegel’s Phenomenology and ancient scepticism is specifically located in the so-called Agrippan modes presented by Sextus Empiricus; what the thoroughly immanent procedure at work in these modes and Hegel’s procedure, in the Phenomenology, of measuring the shapes of consciousness with themselves share is the move of giving up an external notion of justification, not adopting an outsider position, not importing any external criteria into what is to be evaluated. The thesis also tries to show that the Phenomenology goes a step further than ancient scepticism in also giving up a notion of truth to which ancient scepticism ultimately remains tied and which leads to its famous “suspension of judgement.” And this extra step is connected to the Phenomenology’s recourse to the procedure of staging; not being content with purely conceptual elaboration, it forces different shapes of consciousness into staging themselves, exemplifying their claims and therefore exposes a dimension of them which would have stayed hidden otherwise: their truth.

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Citation Formats
B. E. Aksoy, “The development of Hegel’s immanent approach: ancient scepticism and the method of Phenomenology of Spirit,” M.A. - Master of Arts, Middle East Technical University, 2021.