Şenyel Kürkçüoğlu, Müzeyyen Anıl
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused noticeable changes when it comes to the consumption and purchasing behaviors of customers and the increase in online shopping besides various fields such as health, education, and transportation. Within this context, the goal of this study is to determine the relations between the online shopping, shopping locations, and the 3 particular time intervals during the COVID-19 pandemic, which were set to represent the pre-pandemic, pandemic, and new normal periods, in 2020. To fulfill this aim, the online shopping data of Marketyo were processed and a sample of 979 observations from 7 districts of Ankara province was analyzed via two factor ANOVA method to determine the effects of pandemic periods and chosen districts on online food/non-food expenditures. The results revealed a significant statistical difference in mean food and non-food expenditures among both periods and districts. The highest amount of food and non-food expenditures were recorded mostly in Etimesgut, Çankaya, and Keçiören districts during Period-2, while the lowest was in Altındağ, Mamak, and Sincan districts during Period-1. According to the Turkey HSD test results, Sincan differed from all the other districts, as the lowest online market spending rate was recorded in this district. The results are assumed to be in line with the socio-economic development levels of the districts, as well as other issues such as internet accessibility, availability of technological devices, and geographical factors. The findings of this study are supported to be guiding for further studies for the determination of the pandemic on online shopping behaviors and patterns, as well as their geospatial relations.
Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering


Internet users' attitudes toward business-to-consumer online shopping: A survey
Huseynov, Farid; Özkan Yıldırım, Sevgi (2016-06-01)
Rapid growth of online shopping activities in recent years has required careful identifications of key factors influencing consumers' behaviors and attitudes toward online shopping. Identifying critical factors influencing online consumer behavior is very crucial for effective customer relationship management. It is very important that online sellers clearly understand critical factors influencing online customers' shopping intention and take necessary actions accordingly. If identified and managed properly...
Evaluation of Walkability and Pedestrian Level of Service
Tüydeş Yaman, Hediye (2018-01-01)
Due to decreasing resources, living in urban regions focus on sustainability in many aspects, including transportation. Sustainable transportation encourages non-motorized modes of walking and cycling as well as public transit (which also relies on walking while accessing a station), as well. However, walking as a mode is still a big mystery itself that needs further attention and research effort especially in the evaluation part. So far, the planners have discussed the concepts of walking and walkability, ...
Determination of factors that cause shopping hesitation
Külter Demirgüneş, Banu (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2018-4)
This study aims to provide general understanding of different set of factors that cause hesitation in buying electronic products. The study proposes seven cosntructs that predict shopping hesitation. The research model offers that consumer traits of innovativeness, risk averseness, brand consciousness, price/value consciousness, confused by over choice and contextual factors as time pressure and negative past experience cause shopping hesitation. The study tries to answer if these seven factors pertain...
Design of a secondary packaging robotic system
Şahin, Hakan; Balkan, Raif Tuna; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2005)
The use of robotic systems in consumer goods industry has increased over recent years. However, food industry has not taken to the robotics technology with the same desire as in other industries due to technical and commercial reasons. Difficulties in matching human speed and flexibility, variable nature of food products, high production volume rates, lack of appropriate end-effectors, high initial investment rate of the so-called systems and low margins in food products are still blocking the range of use ...
Evaluation of the effects of maltodextrin and microfluidization on the rheological and textural properties of cookie and cookie dough
Topaloğlu, Tuğçe; Yücel, Umut; Department of Food Engineering (2015)
Several health problems like diabetes and obesity are associated with consumption of highly fatty food, leading consumers to be more conscious about what they eat. This concern has been a driving factor for manufacturers to research and develop low- or reduced-fat products. Therefore, the baking industry finds new ways to respond to the demands. For this reason, fat replacement in bakery products has gained a popularity. Maltodextrin is commonly used to trim fat from bakery products because it gives some pr...
Citation Formats
B. YILMAZEL, T. HOCAOĞLU, M. A. Şenyel Kürkçüoğlu, S. N. ÇABUK, B. GÜNSOY, and A. ÇABUK, “ANALYSIS OF ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIORS DURING COVID 19 PANDEMIC: ANKARA CASE,” Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 312–325, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: