Polyaniline coated tungsten trioxide as an effective adsorbent for the removal of orange G dye from aqueous media

Hsini, Abdelghani
Naciri, Yassine
Bouzıanı, Asmae
Aarab, Nouh
Essekri, Abdelilah
Imgharn, Abdelaziz
Laabd, Mohamed
Navio, J. A.
Puga, F.
Lakhmiri, Rajae
Albourine, Abdallah
In this work, the core-shell PANI@WO3 composite was obtained from the reaction of aniline monomer polymerization with WO3 particles; sodium persulfate was used as an oxidant. Various analytical techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize the as-prepared PANI@WO3 adsorbent, which well confirmed that the WO3 particles were coated by polyaniline polymer. The PANI@WO3 composite was tested as an adsorbent to remove reactive orange G (OG) for the first time. pH, adsorbent dose, contact time, initial dye concentration, and temperature were systematically investigated in order to study their effect on the adsorption process. The experimental findings showed that the PANI@WO3 composite has considerable potential to remove an aqueous OG dye. Langmuir and Freundlich's models were used to analyze the equilibrium isotherms of OG dye adsorption on the PANI@WO3 composite. As a result, the best correlation of the experimental data was provided by the Langmuir model, and the maximum capacity of adsorption was 226.50 mg g(-1). From a thermodynamic point of view, the OG dye adsorption process occurred spontaneously and endothermically. Importantly, PANI@WO3 still exhibited an excellent adsorption capability after four regeneration cycles, indicating the potential reusability of the PANI@WO3 composite. These results indicate that the as prepared PANI@WO3 composite could be employed as an efficient adsorbent and was much better than the parent material adsorption of OG dye.


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Citation Formats
A. Hsini et al., “Polyaniline coated tungsten trioxide as an effective adsorbent for the removal of orange G dye from aqueous media,” RSC ADVANCES, vol. 11, no. 50, pp. 31272–31283, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/94382.