Online counseling and ethics: A systematic review of empirical research

This study aims to review empirical studieson ethical issues in online counseling. In line with the criteria of this research, articles were searched in the Web of Science database; empirical research articles that collected data from mental health professionals, published between 2000-2021yearsin psychology and counseling journals and indexed in SSCI were included. Seventeen articles that met the inclusion criteria were found. Nine different ethical issues were discovered according to the findings from thesearticles. Respectively, maintaining confidentiality and privacy, need fora separatecompetency to perform online counseling, providing security, and difficultyofintervening incrisis situationsdue to physical distances, client verification, risk assessment,boundary issues, and unclear circumstances for possible malpractice in online counseling werethe ethical issues statedin the reviewed articles. To conclude, it is crucialto have clear, comprehensive, and detailed ethical standards for effectively dealing with these ethical concerns by examining evidence-based researchso that mental health professionalscan adjust more effectivepractices
The Journal of Clinical and Mental Health Counseling


Online Counseling and Ethics: A Systematic Review of Empirical Research
PULAT, METİN; Barutçu Yıldırım, Kadriye Funda (2021-11-22)
Problem: The development of the ethical guidelines of counseling was based on face-to-face practices; however, the prevalence of online counseling (OC) has increased over time and has brought new ethical issues. It would be beneficial to learn the experiences and views of mental health professionals on ethical issues in OC for effective regulation of ethical guidelines, including online practices. The purpose of the present study is to systematically review existing empirical research on the ethical dimensi...
Pulat, Metin; Barutçu Yıldırım, Kadriye Funda; Department of Educational Sciences (2022-9-21)
This study examined clients' and psychological counselors' experiences, views, and suggestions regarding online counseling. Participants were approached through criterion sampling method. Those who experienced at least eight sessions via videoconferencing tools were included. Participants consisted of two separate groups: Ten clients (seven female, two male, and one non-binary) and ten psychological counselors (five female, four male, and one queer). Data were analyzed with interpretative phenomenological a...
Measuring diversity in disciplinary collaboration in research teams: An ecological perspective
Aydınoğlu, Arsev Umur; Mitchell, Chad (2016-01-01)
This study proposes an alternative and complementary method to bibliometric analysis to measure disciplinary diversity in research teams. Shannon's entropy index, which is used in ecology to measure biodiversity in habitats, is adapted to measure disciplinary diversity of a research team (habitats become teams, and biodiversity becomes disciplinary diversity). Data come from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Astrobiology Institute, which funded 14 interdisciplinary virtual research teams in ...
Computer Supported Asynchronous Online Discussions in Teacher Education
Çakır, Nur (2021-08-01)
This study aimed to investigate the course achievement, cognitive levels of posts of pre-service teachers’ reflections, interaction types and the perceptions about asynchronous online discussions. In this mixed method research study, 72 pre-service teachers were included according to convenience sampling method. Moreover, 10 willing pre-service teachers were selected for the interviews according to maximum variation sampling method. The data were collected through an achievement test, students’ Edmodo posts...
Predictors of attitudinal and behavioral outcomes in mobile advertising: A field experiment
VARNALI, KAAN; Yılmaz, Cengiz; Toker, Aysegul (2012-11-01)
The study examines consumer responses to SMS-based mobile advertising campaigns using a field experiment with actual behavioral responses. Specifically, the effects of message characteristics (i.e., incentives and prior permission) and individual differences of message recipients (i.e., content involvement, prior experience with the mobile medium, and medium-fit perceptions) on the attitudinal and behavioral outcomes of such campaigns are investigated. Perceived intrusiveness of the message and attitude tow...
Citation Formats
M. PULAT and K. F. Barutçu Yıldırım, “Online counseling and ethics: A systematic review of empirical research,” The Journal of Clinical and Mental Health Counseling, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 1–12, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: