Online counseling and ethics: A systematic review of empirical research

This study aims to review empirical studieson ethical issues in online counseling. In line with the criteria of this research, articles were searched in the Web of Science database; empirical research articles that collected data from mental health professionals, published between 2000-2021yearsin psychology and counseling journals and indexed in SSCI were included. Seventeen articles that met the inclusion criteria were found. Nine different ethical issues were discovered according to the findings from thesearticles. Respectively, maintaining confidentiality and privacy, need fora separatecompetency to perform online counseling, providing security, and difficultyofintervening incrisis situationsdue to physical distances, client verification, risk assessment,boundary issues, and unclear circumstances for possible malpractice in online counseling werethe ethical issues statedin the reviewed articles. To conclude, it is crucialto have clear, comprehensive, and detailed ethical standards for effectively dealing with these ethical concerns by examining evidence-based researchso that mental health professionalscan adjust more effectivepractices
The Journal of Clinical and Mental Health Counseling


Online Counseling and Ethics: A Systematic Review of Empirical Research
PULAT, METİN; Barutçu Yıldırım, Kadriye Funda (2021-11-22)
Problem: The development of the ethical guidelines of counseling was based on face-to-face practices; however, the prevalence of online counseling (OC) has increased over time and has brought new ethical issues. It would be beneficial to learn the experiences and views of mental health professionals on ethical issues in OC for effective regulation of ethical guidelines, including online practices. The purpose of the present study is to systematically review existing empirical research on the ethical dimensi...
Measuring diversity in disciplinary collaboration in research teams: An ecological perspective
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This study proposes an alternative and complementary method to bibliometric analysis to measure disciplinary diversity in research teams. Shannon's entropy index, which is used in ecology to measure biodiversity in habitats, is adapted to measure disciplinary diversity of a research team (habitats become teams, and biodiversity becomes disciplinary diversity). Data come from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Astrobiology Institute, which funded 14 interdisciplinary virtual research teams in ...
Computer Supported Asynchronous Online Discussions in Teacher Education
Çakır, Nur (2021-08-01)
This study aimed to investigate the course achievement, cognitive levels of posts of pre-service teachers’ reflections, interaction types and the perceptions about asynchronous online discussions. In this mixed method research study, 72 pre-service teachers were included according to convenience sampling method. Moreover, 10 willing pre-service teachers were selected for the interviews according to maximum variation sampling method. The data were collected through an achievement test, students’ Edmodo posts...
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Electrochemical Synthesis of Poly(methylsilyne) and Investigation of the Effects of Parameters on the Synthesis
EROĞLU PALA, DAMLA; Nur, Yusuf; Bayram, Göknur; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Wiley, 2010-12-05)
This study aims to synthesize poly(methylsilyne) by electrochemical reduction of methyltrichlorosilane at a constant potential of -6 V, while investigating the effects of parameters such as the nature of the electrode, solvent and supporting electrolyte, the monomer/solvent ratio, and the reaction time on the properties of the products. The polymer was characterized by H-1-NMR (Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy), FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), UV-Visible Spectroscopy, and TGA (...
Citation Formats
M. PULAT and K. F. Barutçu Yıldırım, “Online counseling and ethics: A systematic review of empirical research,” The Journal of Clinical and Mental Health Counseling, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 1–12, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: