Evaluating Rail Passengers Sector in Turkey

2022-1
Ekici, Üsame
With the rapid development of railways in Turkey, the research of railway passenger demand forecasting has gained much importance in the recent years. Passenger demand forecasting for transport services is essential for better management and better resource planning. In this study, a time-series-model was established using Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) forecasting method and then a regression model was formed to forecast the intercity railway passenger flow in Turkey. The daily passenger flow data from 2011 to 2015 was used to establish a model and 2016 daily passenger flow was predicted by the established model. To test the estimation power of the model, forecasting horizon was extended up to 2019. Analyzing forecasts from 2016 to 2019, reliability of the model was evaluated. Additionally, a series of analyses was performed to understand the nature of Rail Passenger Survey (RPS) data, conducted at the train stations as a part of National Transport Master Plan (NTMP). The descriptive statistics based analyses included socio-demographic characteristics, geographical distribution, trip purposes, trip frequency, access/egress modes and rail passenger behavior difference between the High Speed Rail (HSR) and conventional services. A further attempt of modeling using binary logistic regression enabled the detection of the passenger profile of a business trip traveler.

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Citation Formats
Ü. Ekici, “Evaluating Rail Passengers Sector in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2022.