Investigation of the effects of problem solving instruction on fifth grade students’ mathematical problem solving performance

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2022-2-04
Kanar, Özge
The primary purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of problem solving instruction on 5th grade students’ mathematical problem solving performance across the three time periods. Also, the other aim of the study was to examine the relationship between 5th grade students’ mathematical problem solving performance scores of Well-Structured Problem Solving Tests (WSPST) and Ill-Structured Problem Solving Tests (ISPST) after the problem solving instruction. In addition to that, exploring students’ thoughts about problem solving instruction was another purpose of the current study. The study was implemented in one private school in Niğde in the spring semester of the 2020-2021 academic year. The participants were thirty one 5th grade students in a private school. After implementing pretests, Problem Solving Instruction (PSI) based on Polya’s idea was implemented during the fourteen class hours. Data were collected separately from the ISPST and WSPST, which were applied as pretests, posttests, and retention tests. One Way Repeated Measures ANOVA showed that the statistically significant change was observed in students’ mathematical problem solving performance scores for both ISPST and WSPST across the three time periods at 0.05 level. Pearson Product-Moment Coefficient of Correlation results showed a strong positive correlation between problem solving scores of posts and retentions of ISPST and WSPST at 0.05 significance level. Moreover, views about the problem solving method questionnaire revealed that PSI left positive impressions on 5th grade students. Future studies using qualitative or mixed methods can be conducted to examine the effect of PSI on mathematical problem solving performance in more depth.

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Citation Formats
Ö. Kanar, “Investigation of the effects of problem solving instruction on fifth grade students’ mathematical problem solving performance,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.