Middle school students' use of problem-solving steps and their strategies in solving word problems

Download
2019
Alkan, C. Sinan
The aim of the present study was to investigate the middle school students’ use of problem solving steps and their use of the strategies in the process of solution of Problem-Solving questions related to topics of numbers generally. The data was gathered in the fall semester of the 2017-2018 academic year. The study sample included 116 (29 fifth graders, 29 sixth graders, 25 seventh graders, and 33 eighth graders) middle school students in Konya, Turkey. Different Problem Solving Achievement tests were used in the study for each grade level. In this study, basic qualitative research design was used to answer the questions “To what extend students use problem solving steps based on the identified framework?” and “What are the middle school students’ strategies in the word problems?”. Furthermore, descriptive statistics was used to describe the data. The results of the study revealed that in some word problems, students showed their ability to use different strategies although the students generally preferred to use the arithmetic strategy. At the same time, the research findings showed that the most important deficiency of students was that they did not use real world knowledge and experience in their solutions. They did not take into account the real relationships between real-life contexts revealed by the problem statements and the operations they carried out in the problem solution. According to the results of the study, most of the students had difficulties in explaining their mathematical reasoning and making critics related to real life problems.

Suggestions

Investigation of the effects of problem solving instruction on fifth grade students’ mathematical problem solving performance
Kanar, Özge; Bulut, Safure; Department of Mathematics Education (2022-2-04)
The primary purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of problem solving instruction on 5th grade students’ mathematical problem solving performance across the three time periods. Also, the other aim of the study was to examine the relationship between 5th grade students’ mathematical problem solving performance scores of Well-Structured Problem Solving Tests (WSPST) and Ill-Structured Problem Solving Tests (ISPST) after the problem solving instruction. In addition to that, exploring s...
Effects of cooperatlye and indiyidualistic problem solying methods on mathematical problem solving performance
Koç, Yusuf; Bulut, Safure (2002-01-01)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of the cooperatiye problem solving method (CPSM) and the individualistic problem solving method (IPSM) on seventh grade students' mathematical problem solving performance (MPSP). in this quasiexperimentalresearch study, seventh grade "percents unit" was covered. After analyzing the data by using the multivariate analysis of covariance it was found thatCPSM and IPSM groups had statistically significantly greater mean scores than the traditional ...
Design of collaborative problem-solving activities with educational robots for middle school students
Güleç, Mustafa; Zahide, Yıldırım; Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology (2020-12-21)
The purpose of this study was to explore the design of collaborative problem-solving activities in order to solve ill-structured problems in science with educational robots for middle school students. In conjunction with this purpose, a formative research design was followed to investigate the development and implementation process of ill-structured problem-solving activities. Accordingly, problem-solving activities were developed by the help of faculty members in science education and instructional technol...
How do adults solve digital tangram problems? Analyzing cognitive strategies through eye tracking approach
Baran, Bahar; Dogusoy, Berrin; Çağıltay, Kürşat (null; 2007-07-27)
Purpose of the study is to investigate how adults solve tangram based geometry problems on computer screen.Two problems with different difficulty levels were presented to 20 participants. The participants tried to solve problems by placing seven geometric objects into correct locations. In order to analyze the process, the participants and their eye movements were recorded by an Tobii Eye Tracking device while solving the problems. The results showed that the participants employed different strategies while...
Middle school mathematics teachers’ perceptions of inclusion and their use of teaching strategies in basic arithmetical operations and problems
Gülden, Berna; Akyüz, Didem; Department of Elementary Science and Mathematics Education (2019)
The aim of this study is to examine the perceptions of middle school mathematics teachers about inclusion and their teaching strategies in basic arithmetical operations and problems. In addition, the other purpose is to investigate opinions of middle school mathematics teachers about touch point, concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) and virtual-representational-abstract (VRA) strategies. The study was carried out in the 2018-2019 academic year in a middle school in Küçükçekmece, Istanbul with six mathem...
Citation Formats
C. S. Alkan, “Middle school students’ use of problem-solving steps and their strategies in solving word problems,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Elementary Science and Mathematics Education., Middle East Technical University, 2019.