THE EFFECT OF CRITERION SHIFTS ON FAMILIARITY AND RECOLLECTION IN RECOGNITION MEMORY

2022-3-17
Erbaş, Zeynep
Familiarity and recollection refer to memory processes that are engaged during recognition judgments. A task that is widely used to operationalize these processes is the remember-know task. In this thesis, it was aimed to examine the effect of different decision criteria on the corresponding “remember” and “know” responses with respect to the signal detection model of recognition memory. In line with this purpose, a standard recognition memory task was applied with a between-subjects criterion manipulation. A conservative response bias was induced by presenting participants a test list, in which only 30% of the items were previously studied. Conversely, a liberal response bias was induced by presenting participants a test, in which only 70% of the items were previously studied. The results from two experiments showed that the base rate manipulation led to a shift in response criterion, which was calculated based on the assumptions of the signal detection theory. Moreover, “know” and “remember” responses were associated with responses made with lower and higher confidence, as well as responses that were associated with lower and higher response thresholds, respectively. Hence, the obtained results are in line with the assumptions of the single process models of recognition memory based on the finding that the two processes can be represented on a mutual medium (i.e. memory strength). However, the lack of an effect in terms of the corresponding hit and false alarm rates for “remember” and “know” responses require further research in order to distinguish or associate the two processes.

Suggestions

The roles of feedback and prior information on the effectiveness of the base rate manipulation for response Bias
Pala, Cavit Deniz; Kılıç Özhan, Aslı; Department of Psychology (2019)
Recognition memory is the ability to discriminate previously encountered items from new ones. Sensitivity is the degree to which participants discriminate between old and new items, whereas response bias indicates the tendency to classify an item as old. Response bias can be manipulated via methods, such as base rate manipulation, and strength manipulation, etc. The aim of the current study was to investigate the roles of response feedback and prior information in base rate manipulation for criterion shifts...
The Effects of source presentation and test format on recognition memory for item and source
Tanyaş, Hilal; Mısırlısoy, Mine; Department of Psychology (2019)
Source monitoring is a cognitive process through which memory records are attributed to their origins. In the literature, source monitoring tasks are used to examine the old/new recognition decisions, as well as decisions for source. However, there is not an agreed on standard for test formats and the way in which source information is presented. In fact, these different methods are used interchangeably despite words of caution from several researchers regarding the confounds they may give rise to when maki...
RESPONSE BIAS SHIFT FOR POSITIVE WORDS IN OLDER ADULTS IN A SURPRISE RECOGNITION MEMORY TASK: AN INCIDENTAL ENCODING STUDY
KAYNAK, HANDE; Gökçay, Didem (2017-01-01)
Introduction: Although the advantages of positive words on memory enhancement have been documented, the specific effects of the two prominent emotional dimensions (valence and arousal) under incidental encoding require further investigation. The objective is to study memory accuracy and response bias for positive/negative and highly/medium arousing words in a surprise old/new recognition memory paradigm under incidental encoding.
The Relationship between Source Memory and Linguistic Encoding of Source: A Study of 3-6 year-olds
Ogel-Balaban, Hale; Aksu-Koc, Ayhan; Alp, I. Ercan (2012-12-01)
This study aimed to explore whether the development of source memory is related to the use of linguistic markers of evidentiality. Eighty-seven 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-old Turkish-speaking monolingual children participated in two source memory tasks: (1) Mode of Knowledge Acquisition Task and (2) Source Identification Task, and three language tasks (1) Direct Experience Task, (2) Inference Task and (3) Reportative Task. Results of the source memory tasks revealed lower performance for 3-year-old children com...
Examining autobiographical memory characteristics through relationship stories: the role of gender and memory type
Kara, Demet; Şahin Acar, Başak; Bauer, Patricia J.; Department of Psychology (2021-2-09)
Autobiographical memories have often been investigated in self context whereas other-related memories are important components of self-in-relation to others. This study explored young adults’ personally significant and relationship memories. Forty-six young adults from Turkey and 31 young adults from the USA, aged 18-25, participated in Study 1A and 1B, respectively. In these two studies, participants narrated about their sibling relationship quality and turning points in their relationships. The major purp...
Citation Formats
Z. Erbaş, “THE EFFECT OF CRITERION SHIFTS ON FAMILIARITY AND RECOLLECTION IN RECOGNITION MEMORY,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.