STEM Education as a Concept Borrowing Issue: Perspectives of School Administrators in Turkey

Kulakoğlu, Büşra
Kondakci, Yasar
Purpose:As a borrowed concept, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education holds limited relevance in many country contexts. This study investigates how school administrators in Turkey view STEM education from three dimensions: (a) their understanding of STEM education, (b) their experiences of STEM implementations, and (c) their perception of their roles in STEM implementation.Design/Approach/Methods:This phenomenological study analyzes the perceptions of school principals working in prominent high schools in Turkey.Findings:Thefindings indicate that there are gaps in STEM implementation at both the concep- tual level and the school level, including epistemological issues, infrastructural gaps, mismatch with overall organizational culture, and knowledge and skill gaps. Despite efforts to integrate STEM education into educational practices, significant deficiencies are making it an unrealistic practice in Turkey.Originality/Value:While the literature on STEM education is expanding, a few empirical studies focus on school management in relation to STEM education. Arguably, despite promising to trans- form science and mathematics teaching, STEM education appears to have limited relevance toscience and mathematics teaching in Turkey—rendering it yet another example of concept and policy borrowing in education.
ECNU Review of Education


The Unknown territory of STEM: the perceptions of high school administrators
Kulakoğlu, Büşra; Kondakçı, Yaşar; Department of Educational Sciences (2019)
Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education is an educational approach gained importance in the last decade and became a trendy topic among the educators, policy makers and academicians beginning in the United States of America and spread all over the world. The aim of this study is to investigate the perception of school principals about STEM education who are working in the prominent high schools in the Ankara province in Turkey. The sample is selected from three different school typ...
Engineering-based modelling experiences of elementary gifted students: An example of bridge construction
Karatas-Aydin, Firdevs Iclal; Işıksal Bostan, Mine (2023-03-01)
Background: Integrating science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in elementary classrooms has gained more attention with the current educational reforms. In this integration, finding ways to improve STEM knowledge and develop appropriate learning activities, and instructional strategies have been a challenge for educators. Although the similarities between gifted and engineering education have been emphasized, they have been not fully considered. Purpose: This study attempted to show how STEM...
STEM Interest Complexity Inventory Short Form With IRT and DIF Applications
Toker, Yonca; Gültaş, Mehmet (2019-02-01)
The 127-item Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) Interest Complexity Inventory and 15-item General STEM Interests Scale, each of which were previously developed to assess interests toward increasingly complex tasks, were shortened to 37-item and 12-item measures. Item response theory analyses employed on the data of 930 students in STEM majors indicated items with higher discrimination parameters and equivalent functioning across genders. The short form (SF) supported a four-factor structur...
Application of Draw an Engineer Test (DAET) for a Better Understanding of Middle School Students’Conceptions of Engineering
Ertuğrul, Gamze Gül; Karakaya, Ayşegül; Çakıroğlu, Jale (2018-08-01)
Engineering is a discipline in STEM, an educational approach that consists of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Engineering applications are favoured in Turkey according to 2017 Science curriculum to improve students’ 21st century skills. To integrate engineering applications to Turkish Science curriculum efficiently, we must understand students’ conceptions of engineering. This study was done to understand middle school students’ conceptions of engineering. Total 75 students from 2 public s...
Computation of Graph Spectra of Protein-Protein Interaction Networks
Karasözen, Bülent (2011-05-05)
Complex systems from many areas such as biology, sociology, technology appear in form of large networks. These networks are represented usually in form of graphs and their structural properties are analyzed using the methods of graph theory. The so called Laplacian matrix became an important tool of spectral graph theory for the investigation of structural properties of large biological networks. Many important features of the underlying structure and dynamics of systems can be extracted from the analysis o...
Citation Formats
B. Kulakoğlu and Y. Kondakci, “STEM Education as a Concept Borrowing Issue: Perspectives of School Administrators in Turkey,” ECNU Review of Education, vol. 0, no. 0, pp. 1–21, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: