The Role of Collective Emotions in Silencing the Past or Reparation Intentions of Turks toward Kurds in Türkiye

Taşyürek, Ezgi
Conflict and conflict resolution are important topics in intergroup relations. Conflicts can occur depending on different factors such as ethnicity, culture, or religion, and the parties of conflict can act against each other, which in turn, leads to misdeeds. Silencing the past or past wrongdoings toward the out-groups is an interesting topic for intergroup conflict. The role of collective emotions, experienced simultaneously by many people in society, in silencing the past is important to understand the underlying mechanism of intergroup conflict since collective emotions can block peace-making processes. This study had two main aims, and firstly, it was aimed to assess the role of collective emotions in silencing the past and reparation intentions of Turks toward Kurds through a reminder of in-group’s past wrongdoing, the Uludere Massacre. Furthermore, some emotions can positively predict willingness to make reparation for these past wrongdoings, such as collective guilt and shame. In this study, collective anger and angst were expected to predict the silencing past positively, whereas collective guilt was expected to predict the reparation intentions of Turks toward Kurds positively. Results showed that collective anger, but not collective angst, predicted silencing the past, while collective guilt predicted reparation intentions. As a second aim of the study, whether Self-Censorship Orientation (SCO) and Turkish identification predicted silencing the past and reparation intentions through anger, angst, and guilt was assessed. Only anger among collective emotions mediated these relationships.


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Citation Formats
E. Taşyürek, “The Role of Collective Emotions in Silencing the Past or Reparation Intentions of Turks toward Kurds in Türkiye,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.