Becoming the teacher of a refugee child: Teachers' evolving experiences in Turkey

Karslı Çalamak, Elif
Kilinc, Sultan
Anti-immigrant discourses are sweeping across the globe while forced displacement brings educational, political, economic, and social challenges in many countries. Turkey's latest initiative is the inclusion of almost one million school-aged Syrian children into the public education system. In this research, we aim to understand the evolving experiences of teachers of Syrian refugee students in relation to inclusive education in Turkey. We conducted our fieldwork in a public school located in a disadvantaged neighbourhood of the capital city of Turkey which had a dense population of Syrian refugee students. Using a phenomenological approach, we interviewed three early childhood teachers and two Turkish as a second language teachers over a semester. Informed by a constant-comparative method, our analysis revealed that teachers' notions around particular themes exemplify Fraser's three-dimensional social justice framework dimensions - redistribution, recognition, and representation - and their practices are accordingly moving on a continuum of inclusivity-oriented to exclusion-oriented actions. The study contributes to creating a dialogue about inclusive education in terms of imagining new ways to support refugee children and their teachers.


Kalaycıoğlu, Beste; Bayırbağ, Mustafa Kemal; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2022-2)
This study examines the educational reforms implemented in the JDP period in terms of social justice demand with a specific focus on the transition to higher education policies. It has been claimed that since the beginning of the 2000s, when policy-making practices were reshaped by neoliberalism, the application of populist discourse and an incremental policy-making model together marked the reforms implemented in the field of education in Turkey. The main motivation of the study is to question whether it i...
Voices of home and school on democracy and human rights education at the primary level: a case study
Gundogdu, Kerim; Yıldırım, Ali (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2010-12-01)
The purpose of this research was to investigate the perceptions of home and school concerning ideally implemented primary democracy and human rights education. In this qualitative study, data were collected from six voluntary classroom teachers and 16 parents in a selected school through interviews. The results of the interview yielded five major themes: physical and environmental issues, instructional process, teacher characteristics, assessment practices, and communication patterns for teaching democracy ...
Challenges of Chinese and European Universities in the Modernization and Global Context
Zayim Kurtay, Merve (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-06-01)
Higher education systems need to increasingly transform in order to face new challenges of society in a modern and global context. Both Europe and China are facing challenges in restructuring their higher education systems and embracing the potential for higher education to deliver innovative teaching and learning as well as social and economic services for a changing society. This paper analyses the challenges to European and Chinese universities today and elaborates on the implications of these challenges...
Tolerable and inclusive learning spaces: an evaluation of policies and specifications for physical environments that promote inclusion in Turkish Primary Schools
Erkılıç, Mualla (2013-05-01)
Inclusive education (IE), which calls for equal opportunities for students with diverse abilities in the achievement of knowledge, has been developed as a central pedagogical strategy in primary schools worldwide, including those in Turkey. Besides educators, the issue of IE becomes an important discussion area among designers who question the provision of supportive learning environments in terms of inclusion. Equal opportunity, diversity, social justice and participation are necessary parameters for a com...
Articulation of tribalism into modernity : the case of Pashtuns in Afghanistan
Sungur, Zeynep Tuba; Yıldırım, Erdoğan; Department of Middle East Studies (2013)
The main objective of this thesis is to analyse the relationship between tribalism and modernity in Afghanistan. Focusing on Pashtuns, who constitute the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, the thesis traces their transformation from a tribal confederacy into a central state that introduced modernity to Afghanistan. In this regard, the thesis is, basically, a discussion of the struggle for power between two institutions in Afghanistan: the tribe and the state. In an effort to reveal the relationship betwee...
Citation Formats
E. Karslı Çalamak and S. Kilinc, “Becoming the teacher of a refugee child: Teachers’ evolving experiences in Turkey,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 259–282, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: