Environmental variability in aquatic ecosystems: Avenues for future multifactorial experiments

Gerhard, Miriam
Koussoroplis, Apostolos-Manuel
Raatz, Michael
Pansch, Christian
Fey, Samuel B.
Vajedsamiei, Jahangir
Caldero-Pascual, Maria
Cunillera-Montcusi, David
Juvigny-Khenafou, Noel P. D.
Polazzo, Francesco
Thomas, Patrick K.
Symons, Celia C.
Beklioğlu, Meryem
Berger, Stella A.
Chefaoui, Rosa M.
Ger, Kemal Ali
Langenheder, Silke
Nejstgaard, Jens C.
Ptacnik, Robert
Striebel, Maren
The relevance of considering environmental variability for understanding and predicting biological responses to environmental changes has resulted in a recent surge in variability-focused ecological research. However, integration of findings that emerge across studies and identification of remaining knowledge gaps in aquatic ecosystems remain critical. Here, we address these aspects by: (1) summarizing relevant terms of variability research including the components (characteristics) of variability and key interactions when considering multiple environmental factors; (2) identifying conceptual frameworks for understanding the consequences of environmental variability in single and multi-factorial scenarios; (3) highlighting challenges for bridging theoretical and experimental studies involving transitioning from simple to more complex scenarios; (4) proposing improved approaches to overcome current mismatches between theoretical predictions and experimental observations; and (5) providing a guide for designing integrated experiments across multiple scales, degrees of control, and complexity in light of their specific strengths and limitations.


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Citation Formats
M. Gerhard et al., “Environmental variability in aquatic ecosystems: Avenues for future multifactorial experiments,” LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY LETTERS, pp. 0–0, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/100999.