Possible risk factors for suicide : depression, anxiety, positive and negative affect, academic achievement, problem-solving skills and family relations

Or, Pınar
This study aimed at revealing the predictive values of depressive and anxiety symptomatology, positive and negative affect, family environment, problem solving skills, and several control variables which are, sex, age, number of siblings, education level of the mother and the father, place where the subject lived in the majority of his/her life, income of the family, the place subject stayed during university life, and GPA, on suicidal intentions. The participants were 226 students from Middle East Technical University, Ankara University, and 9 Eylül University. Preceding the main analyses, Factor Analyses for Suicide Probability Scale (SPS), Family Environment Questionnaire (FEOJrand Problem Solving Inventory (PSI) iiiwere conducted. These analyses yielded three factors for SPS, as suicide ideation, hostility, and negative self-evaluation, two factors for FEQ, as cohesion and organization control, and two factors for PSI, as active problem solving and passive problem solving. Following Factor Analyses, separate hierarchical regression analyses were performed in order to test which variables would predict the dimensions of suicide. For all of the analyses, sex, age, education level of the mother and the father, place where the subject lived in the majority of his/her life, income, current residency, and GPA were entered in the first block via stepwise method in order to control the variance accounted for by the significant control variables. In the second block, the measures of the study were entered into the equation which were total BAI score, positive and negative affect scores, total score of depression, score of passive and active problem solving, total score of PSI, cohesion and organization control scores, and the total score of FEQ. Except PSI, none of the analyses yielded a significant main effect for sex. The analyses of PSI indicated that males use more problem solving strategies man females. Results of the regression analyses revealed that family cohesion was a strong protector against suicidal intentions. Use of passive problem solving strategies was found to be significant in predicting negative self evaluation and the total suicide score. Furthermore, depressive and anxiety symptomatology, and negative affect were found to be linked with suicidal intentions. Considering the extreme importance of family cohesion on suicidal intentions, future research in this area is required. Findings were discussed in line with the current literature.


Discriminant validity of low positive affect: is it specific to depression?
Gençöz, Tülin (2002-04-19)
The aim of this study was to reveal the effects of low Positive Affect on depression symptomatology. Due to the high correlations between depression and anxiety scores, it was also aimed to present a discriminative validity for these symptomatologies. The study was conducted with 8 1 university students, who were available during follow-up assessment as well. Consistent with expectations, analyses revealed that low Positive Affect predicted changes in depression symptomatology but did not predict changes in...
The Mediating Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas in the Relationship Between Maternal Rejection and Psychological Problems
ATALAR, DİLEK SARITAŞ; Gençöz, Tülin (2015-03-01)
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the mediating role of early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) in the relationship between perceived maternal rejection during childhood and current psychological problems, such as anxiety and depression, in Turkish university students. EMSs were categorized according to 3 schema domains; impaired limits-exaggerated standards, disconnection-rejection, and impaired autonomy-other directedness.
Positive and negative affect schedule: A study of validity and reliability
Gençöz, Tülin (2000-12-01)
The aim of the present study was to study reliability and validity of Turkish version of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988) which is consisted of 20 items 10 of which is used to measure positive and other 10 to measure negative affect. Based on the data derived from 199 university students, 10 items loaded on both Positive and Negative Affect factors separately, as was anticipated. Besides studying factorial validity, internal consistencies were found as .83 and .86,...
Associated factors of suicide among university students: Importance of family environment
Gençöz, Tülin (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-06-01)
The aim in this study was to underline the importance of family environment as a significant associate of suicide probability among university students. For this aim 226 Turkish university students completed Suicide Probability Scale, Family Environment Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Positive and Negative Affect Scale. As a result of the formulated regression analysis, after controlling for the 51% of the total variance accounted for by the control variables (i.e., gender, age, living with fa...
The Effects of Parental Attitudes and Mothers' Psychological Well-Being on the Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Their Preschool Children
Yurdusen, Sema; EROL, NEŞE; Gençöz, Tülin (2013-01-01)
The aim of the present study was to examine the association between emotional and behavioral problems in preschool children and maternal attitudes. The predictor variables were parental attitudes, maternal depression and anxiety symptoms. Our sample consisted of the mothers of 204 preschool children attending different preschools in Ankara, Turkey. Mothers were asked to complete the parental attitude research instrument, the beck depression inventory, the trait anxiety inventory, and the child-behavior chec...
Citation Formats
P. Or, “Possible risk factors for suicide : depression, anxiety, positive and negative affect, academic achievement, problem-solving skills and family relations,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.