Possible risk factors for suicide : depression, anxiety, positive and negative affect, academic achievement, problem-solving skills and family relations

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2003
Or, Pınar
This study aimed at revealing the predictive values of depressive and anxiety symptomatology, positive and negative affect, family environment, problem solving skills, and several control variables which are, sex, age, number of siblings, education level of the mother and the father, place where the subject lived in the majority of his/her life, income of the family, the place subject stayed during university life, and GPA, on suicidal intentions. The participants were 226 students from Middle East Technical University, Ankara University, and 9 Eylül University. Preceding the main analyses, Factor Analyses for Suicide Probability Scale (SPS), Family Environment Questionnaire (FEOJrand Problem Solving Inventory (PSI) iiiwere conducted. These analyses yielded three factors for SPS, as suicide ideation, hostility, and negative self-evaluation, two factors for FEQ, as cohesion and organization control, and two factors for PSI, as active problem solving and passive problem solving. Following Factor Analyses, separate hierarchical regression analyses were performed in order to test which variables would predict the dimensions of suicide. For all of the analyses, sex, age, education level of the mother and the father, place where the subject lived in the majority of his/her life, income, current residency, and GPA were entered in the first block via stepwise method in order to control the variance accounted for by the significant control variables. In the second block, the measures of the study were entered into the equation which were total BAI score, positive and negative affect scores, total score of depression, score of passive and active problem solving, total score of PSI, cohesion and organization control scores, and the total score of FEQ. Except PSI, none of the analyses yielded a significant main effect for sex. The analyses of PSI indicated that males use more problem solving strategies man females. Results of the regression analyses revealed that family cohesion was a strong protector against suicidal intentions. Use of passive problem solving strategies was found to be significant in predicting negative self evaluation and the total suicide score. Furthermore, depressive and anxiety symptomatology, and negative affect were found to be linked with suicidal intentions. Considering the extreme importance of family cohesion on suicidal intentions, future research in this area is required. Findings were discussed in line with the current literature.
Citation Formats
P. Or, “Possible risk factors for suicide : depression, anxiety, positive and negative affect, academic achievement, problem-solving skills and family relations,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.