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Dynamic simulation and performance optimization of a car with continuously variable transmission

Güvey, Serkan
The continuously variable transmission (CVT), which has been in use in some of the vehicles in the market today, presents the possibility of decoupling the engine speed and the vehicle speed. By this way, it is now possible to operate the engine at its maximum efficient or performance point and fix it at that operating point without losing from the vehicle speed. Instead of using gears, which are the main transmission elements of conventional transmission, CVT uses two pulleys and a belt. By changing the pulley diameters, a continuously variable transmission ratio is obtained. Besides all its advantages, it has some big drawbacks like low efficiency, torque transmission ability and limited speed range. With developing technology, however, new solutions are developed to eliminate these drawbacks. In this study simulation models for the performance and fuel consumption of different types and arrangements of continuously variable transmission (CVT) systems are developed. Vehicles, which are equipped with two different arrangements of CVT and an automatic transmission, are modelled by using Matlab̕s simulation toolbox Simulink. By defining the required operating points for better acceleration performance and fuel consumption, and operating the engine at these points, performance optimization is satisfied. These transmissions are compared with each other according to their ء0-100 kph̕ acceleration performances, maximum speeds, required time to travel 1000 m. and fuel consumptions for European driving cycles ECE and EUDC. These comparisons show that CVT systems are superior to automatic transmission, according to their acceleration and fuel consumption performances. CVTs also provide smoother driving, while they can eliminate jerks at gear shifting points.