Simulation on interferometric fiber optic gyroscope with amplified optical feedback

Seçmen, Başak
Position and navigation of vehicle in two and three dimensions have been important as being advanced technology. Therefore, some system has been evaluated to get information of vehicle̕s position. Main problem in navigation is how to determine position and rotation in three dimensions. If position and rotation is determined, navigation will also be determined with respect to their initial point. There is a technology that vehicle velocity can be discovered, but a technology that rotation can be discovered is needed. Sensor which sense rotation is called gyroscope. If this instrument consists of optical and solid state material, it̕s defined by Fiber Optic Gyroscope (FOG). There are various studies in order to increase the sensitivity of fiber optic gyroscopes, which is an excellent vehicle for sensing rotation. One of them is interferometric fiber optic gyroscope with amplified optical feedback (FE_FOG). In this system, a feedback loop, which sent the output pulse through the input again, is used. The total output is the summation of each interference and it is in pulse state. The peak position of the output pulse is shifted when rotation occurs. Analyzing this shift, the rotation angle can be determined. In this study, fiber optic gyroscopes, their components and performance characteristics were reviewed. The simulation code was developed by VPIsystems and I used VPItransmissionMakerTM software in this work. The results getting from both rotation and nonrotation cases were analyzed to determine the rotation angle and sensitivity of the gyroscope.


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Citation Formats
B. Seçmen, “Simulation on interferometric fiber optic gyroscope with amplified optical feedback,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.