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Comparative analysis of product and by-product distributions in defined and complex media in serine alkaline protease production by recombinant Basillus subtilis

Oktar, Ceren
In this study, firstly the effects of aspartic acid group amino acids -which were reported to be the potential bottleneck in serine alkaline protease (SAP) synthesis- on SAP production were investigated by substituting at a concentration range of 0-15 mM by using recombinant Bacillus subtilis carrying pHV1434::subC gene. All aspartic acid group amino acids except threonine inhibited SAP activity when CAA= 2.5 mM. The highest SAP activities with asparagine, aspartic acid, lysine, threonine, isoleucine and methionine werefound to be 1.89-, 1.87-, 1.61-, 1.48-, 1.4-, and 1.4-fold higher than the reference medium activity, respectively, when the concentration of each amino acid was CAA=0.25 mM. The product and by-product distributions in defined and complex media in SAP production were also analyzed and compared in order to obtain a depth in-sight on functioning of the metabolic reaction network. The highest SAP activity in complex medium was found to be 3اfold higher than defined medium activity, while, specific SAP production rate was 1.2- fold higher. The highest cell concentration in complex medium (CX= 14.3 g/dm-3) was 8.1-fold higher than that obtained in defined medium (CX= 1.75 g/dm-3). In both media, oxaloacetic acid was observed extracellularly and intracellularly. In complex medium there was also succinic acid in the extracellular medium indicating that the operation of TCA cycle was insufficient. In both media serine, valine and glycine were observed neither in the extracellular nor in the intracellular media indicating that the synthesis of these amino acids can be a secondary rate limiting step. In defined medium asparagine was present neither in the cell nor in fermentation broth whereas, methionine was observed in the cell in high amounts, probably due to the lower flux values towards asparagine. Thus, in defined medium the synthesis of asparagine can also