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Use of Triton X - 114 aqueous two phase system for recovery of mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) polyphenoloxidase

Beşel, Elif
Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) polyphenoloxidase (PPO) (EC was isolated and purified using an aqueous two phase system composed of octyl phenol (ethyleneglycol) 7-8 ether (Triton X-114/TX-114). TX-114 is a non-ionic surfactant which thermoseparates in water and forms an aqueous two phase system with a surfactant-depleted top phase and a surfactant-enriched bottom phase. Critical micelle concentration (CMC) and cloud point of the surfactant are 0.17 mM and 22ðC respectively. The partitioning behavior of mushroom PPO in water/TX-114 aqueous two-phase systems was studied and the effects of TX-114 concentration, ionic strength, pH, temperature and crude extract preparation on PPO partitioning were studied. PPO generally partitioned to the surfactant-depleted top phase; whereas many other hydrophobic proteins and molecules partitioned to the surfactantenriched bottom phase. When two-step ultrafiltration was used as a pretreatment, complete enzyme recovery was achieved with all studied TX-114 concentrations. Moreover, about 5 fold purification was achieved by using 8% TX-114. The purification increased to 10 fold by using polyvinylpolypyrolidone (PVPP) at pH 7.0 with a recovery of 72%. However changing pH from 7.0 to 6.0 increased the purification factor and enzyme recovery to 15 fold and 100%, respectively. Addition of potassium or sodium salts caused PPO molecules to partition in the surfactantenriched bottom phase. Finally, crude enzyme can be concentrated besides being purified and recovered by doing aqueous two-phase separation at room temperature.