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Finite element analysis of cornering characteristics of rotating tires

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2003
Erşahin, Mehmet Akif
A finite element model is developed to obtain the cornering force characteristics for rotating pneumatic tires which combines accuracy together with substantially reduced computational effort. For cord reinforced rubber sections such as the body plies and breaker belts, continuum elements with orthotropic material properties are used to improve solution times. Drastic reductions in computational effort are then obtained by replacing the continuum elements with truss elements which do not require orientation of element coordinate system to model textile body plies. With these simplifications, new model can be used produce a complete carpet plot of cornering force characteristics in substantially reduced solution times. The finite element model is used to obtain the cornering force characteristics of a tire, simulating the experiments on a tire test rig where the tire rotates on a flywheel. Results from both models are compared with each other and with the experimental results. It is concluded that the model developed provides results at least as accurate as the previously published models with a clear superiority in stability of solution.