Effects of bioreactor operation parameters on intracellular reaction rate distribution in beta-lactamase production by bacillus species

Arifoğlu, Müge
In this study, the effects of oxygen transfer (OT) on beta-lactamase production and on intracellular reaction rates were investigated with Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 2597. In order to clarify the oxygen transfer effects on the production of beta-lactamase, firstly a glucose based defined medium was designed and using this medium, the effects of bioreactor operation parameters, i.e., pH and temperature, on beta-lactamase activity and cell formation were investigated in laboratory scale batch-bioreactors using shake bioreactors having V=33 ml working volumes. Among the investigated bioprocess conditions, the highest beta-lactamase activity was obtained as A=115 U cm-3, in the medium with 7.0 kg m-3 glucose, 7.1 kg m-3 (NH4)2HPO4 and the salt solution, at pH0=7.5, T=37C, N=200 min-1. At the optimum conditions found in laboratory scale the effects of OT on cell generation, substrate consumption, product (beta-lactamase) and by-products formations were investigated at three different air inlet (Q0/ VR = 0.2, 0.5 and 1 vvm) and at three agitation rates (N=250, 500, 750 min-1) in V = 3.0 dm3 batch bioreactors consisting of temperature, pH, foam, stirring rate and dissolved oxygen controls. Along with the fermentation, cell, substrate and by-product concentrations, beta-lactamase activity, yield coefficients, specific rates, oxygen uptake rates and the liquid phase mass transfer coefficient values were determined. The highest beta-lactamase activity was obtained at 0.5 vvm 500 min-1 and at 0.2 vvm 500 min-1 conditions as ca. A=90 U cm-3 while the highest cell concentration was obtained as Cx=0.67 kg m-3 at 0.5 vvm 750 min-1 and at 0.2 vvm 750 min-1 conditions. KLa, increased with the increase in the agitation and aeration rates and its values varied between 0.007-0.044 s-1 and oxygen uptake rate varied between 0.4-1.6 mol m-3 s-1. Finally, the influence of OT conditions on


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Freezing of biomaterials is important in a wide variety of biomedical applications, including cryopreservation and cryosurgeries. For the success of these applications to various biomaterials, biophysical mechanisms, which determine freezing-induced changes in cells and tissues, need to be well understood. Specifically, the significance of the intracellular mechanics during freezing is not well understood. Thus, we hypothesize that cells interact during freezing with the surroundings such as suspension medi...
Citation Formats
M. Arifoğlu, “Effects of bioreactor operation parameters on intracellular reaction rate distribution in beta-lactamase production by bacillus species,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.