Sources of the exoticism in the architecture on Louis Sullivan : the primitive, the oriental, the natural

Köse, Selçuk
The aim of this study is to demonstrate the idea of Exoticism and its effect on nineteenth century architectural tendencies and especially on the philosophy and the works of Louis Sullivan (1856-1924). The study begins with an elucidation of the concept أexoticism.ؤ After the thoughts of a group of nineteenth century European intellectuals are discussed, the philosophy of Sullivan is analyzed. Following chapters are dedicated to the works of Sullivan. Exotic world was the source of a stimulating discourse for the nineteenth century intellectuals. American architect Sullivan also found inspiration in it. In the development of his philosophy, Sullivan concentrated on the idea of أintegrity of man and nature,ؤ and he realized that integrity was present in the art of primitive and especially Oriental cultures. His universal formula, أform follows function,ؤ was based on the idea that the primitive man did not put a barrier between himself and nature; hence every artwork created by him was a process of transformation of natural forms. Sullivan modeled his designs upon nature and in this way attempted to reproduce this creative process. This study interprets Sullivan̕s philosophy and works and also discusses their likely contribution to the work of the contemporary architect.