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Ousia and tragedy an ontological approach to Aristotle's Poetics

Aytemiz, Volkan
The main idea of this thesis is to suggest a new type of reading on Aristotle's Poetics. Commentators of Poetics tried to relate it to Aristotle's ethical treatises. However, in this research, it will be argued that Poetics should be read under the light of Metaphysics. The interpretation proposed here is based on Aristotle's understanding of ousia (substance). The ontological status of artifacts in Aristotle's philosophy will be examined while inquiring the relationships between Poetics and Metaphysics. Consequently, I will argue that tragedy is an ousia and attemted to show that Aristotle's ontological philosophy is applicable to Poetics. Becouse of the fact that Aristotle treats a tragedy as a partial independent being, I will argue in Aristotelian terms that a tragedy should be judged by its intrinsic values, rather than ethical or rhetorical merits.