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Investigation of emission factors of non-methane hydrocarbons some widely used passenger cars in Turkey

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2004
Önoğlu, İrem
The objectives of this study are to measure the non-methane volatile organic carbon (NMVOC's) emissions from passenger cars in Turkey having gasoline engines, to determine emission factors of these vehicles for BTEX compounds and comparison of emission factors obtained in this study with the emission factors of the other countries. This study was conducted in two parts: The first part was to determine the categories of passenger cars widely used in Turkey, and also to determine the average carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions at idle condition for these car types based on the exhaust emission measurements of Ankara Çevre Koruma Vakfi (ANÇEVA). The second part of the study was to analyze the gas composition of exhaust gasses at different road conditions for BTEX components by using gas chromatography. The results of the study have shown that the cars named under ءءTofas̕̕ constitute 31.5% and ءءFiat̕̕ 13.1% of the total cars in Turkey and they are manufactured by the same company. Therefore, studies have been performed with ءءTofas/Fiat̕̕ cars. The highest emission factors among hydrocarbons investigated in this study were found for toluene and m-xylene. Generally, as driving speed increases the emissions of HC̕s are found to decrease in concentration. It was interesting to note that the highest emissions occur at 30 km/hr speed which is the mostly used speed in crowded streets and busy intersections. Therefore, it was concluded that it is very important to take measures for emissions in the city traffic. Cold start emissions were also found to be higher than the hot start emissions.