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Image segmentation with Improved region modeling

Ersoy, Ozan
Image segmentation is an important research area in digital image processing with several applications in vision-guided autonomous robotics, product quality inspection, medical diagnosis, the analysis of remotely sensed images, etc. The aim of image segmentation can be defined as partitioning an image into homogeneous regions in terms of the features of pixels extracted from the image. Image segmentation methods can be classified into four main categories: 1) clustering methods, 2) region-based methods, 3) hybrid methods, and 4) bayesian methods. In this thesis, major image segmentation methods belonging to first three categories are examined and tested on typical images. Moreover, improvements are also proposed to well-known Recursive Shortest-Spanning Tree (RSST) algorithm. The improvements aim to better model each region during merging stage. Namely, grayscale histogram, joint histogram and homogeneous texture are used for better region modeling.