Development and analysis of controlled release polymeric rods containing vancomycin

Tağıt, Oya
Antibiotic use is a vital method for the treatment of most diseases involving bacterial infections. Unfortunately, in certain cases these agents are not effective in treatments against diseases for either some limitation in antibiotic usage because of the side effects or some distribution problems caused by physiological or pathological barriers in the body. Such problems are thought to be minimized by development of controlled release systems which involve implantation of antibiotic loaded polymeric systems directly to the site of infection. Present study involves Vancomycin, a very strong antibiotic with a wide spectrum of activity, and two biocompatible and biodegradable polymers, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-valerate) PHBV and poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) PLGA, in the construction of rod shaped controlled release systems designed for the aim of local treatment of osteomyelitis. Vancomycin carrying rods of either PHBV 8 or PLGA (50:50) polymers were prepared by the use of cold paste and hot extrusion methods in two different loading ratios (2:1 and 1:1 P:V). In situ release kinetics of each type of rod was determined by spectrophotometric measurement of vancomycin concentration. For determination of drug content of the controlled release rods initially and at the end of the release experiments, extraction and IR (infrared) studies were carried out. The efficacy of the system was measured in vitro on the bacterial strain, B. subtilis. Characterization of the rods was made by the use of stereomicroscopy and SEM (scanning electron microscopy). In situ release results of the controlled Vancomycin release formulations revealed that for both polymer types, hot extrusion process enabled the formation of a more compact system that provided slower release of the agent compared to the cold paste method. With the combined effect of variable loading proportion and polymer type


Investigations on the biodegradable polymeric and inorganic substrates for controlled drug delivery and bone and cartilage repair
Günay, Aycan; Bayramlı, Erdal; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2008)
Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field that seeks to address the needs by applying the principles of chemistry, biology and engineering for the development of viable substitutes that restore and maintain the function of human bone and cartilage tissues. In tissue engineering, scaffolds play an important role as temporary supports for the transplantation of specific cells and tissues. In this study, poly(ester-urethane)urea (PEUU) and poly(caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds were fabricated. Scaffolds we...
TUL MUNNA, SADIA; Akdağ, Akın; Çulfaz Emecen, Pınar Zeynep; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2021-9-10)
The polymeric membranes for antimicrobial applications are in high demand nowadays, since the bacteria had developed the resistance against the antibiotics. The membrane technology could become an efficient tool to cope with the antibiotic resistant bacteria which are becoming an unevitable problem on the health and pocket of a common man. To address this issue, the current research is carried out to synthesize polymer with antibacterial properties. Norbornene and oxonorborne monomers with special modificat...
Investigation of the Ligand Binding Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus NorA Efflux Pump
Işık , Esra Büşra; Serçinoğlu, Onur (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi Enformatik Enstitüsü; 2022-10)
Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive bacterial pathogen which is highly adaptive to environmental conditions and causes various disorders. Excessive usage of antibiotics may result in development of antibiotic resistance in S. aureus. One of the resistance mechanisms is increase in the activity of transmembrane multi-drug efflux pumps. NorA is the most studied efflux pump in S. aureus, which belongs to Major Facilitator Superfamily (MFS). NorA has been shown to contribute to resistance against a variety...
Rehman, Tayyeba; Ahmad, Saeed; Abbasi, Waheed Mumtaz; Ahmad, Ashfaq; Bilal, Muhammad; Zaman, Muhammad Mohsin; Ghauri, Aymen Owais; Arshad, Adeel; Akhtar, Khalid (2017-09-01)
Many antimicrobial drugs are going to become resistant to different pathogens, so the discovery of new antimicrobial products is an important public health concern. Nardostachys jatamansi (D. Don) DC (Valerianaceae) is an important traditional herbal medicine used as tranquillizer. CNS sedative. antiepilepsy, cardiotonic. diuretic, heptatonic, analgesic and in boils, itch and eye diseases. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are the potential source of treatment in case of glaucoma, hypertension and epilepsy and ...
Determination of colistin resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from foods in Turkey, 2011-2015
Güzel, Mustafa; Avşaroğlu, M Dilek; Soyer, Yeşim (2020-05-01)
Antimicrobial resistance of pathogenic microorganisms is an emerging public health concern. Intensive use of antibiotics in food animals might increase antimicrobial resistance in foodborne pathogens. Colistin is a last resort antibiotic for treatment of multidrug resistant (MDR) Gram negative pathogens. The recent antimicrobial resistance studies revealed a mobile antimicrobial resistance gene (mcr) that provides resistance to colistin. Furthermore, the gene has been found in different genera. Therefore, t...
Citation Formats
O. Tağıt, “Development and analysis of controlled release polymeric rods containing vancomycin,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.