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Assessment of sheet metal forming processes by numerical experiments

Önder, İ. Erkan
Sheet metal forming technologies are challenged especially by the improvements in the automotive industry in the last decades. To fulfill the customer expectations, safety requirements and market competitions, new production technologies have been implemented. This study focuses on the assessment of conventional and new sheet metal forming technologies by performing a systematic analysis. A geometry spectrum consisting of six different circular, elliptic, quad cross-sections are selected for the assessment of conventional deep drawing, hydro-mechanical deep drawing and high-pressure sheet metal forming. Within each cross-section, three different equivalent drawing ratios are used as a variant. More than 200 numerical experiments are performed to predict the forming limits of three competing processes. St14 stainless steel is used as the material throughout the assessment study. The deformation behavior is described by an elasto-plastic material model and all numerical simulations are carried out by using dynamic-explicit commercial The process validation is done by interpreting the strain results of numerical experiment. Therefore, the reliability of predictions in the assessment study highly depends on the quality of simulations. The precision of numerical experiments are verified by comparing to NUMISHEET benchmarks, analytical formulation, and experiments to increase the assets of the assessment study. The analyses revealed that depending on the workpiece geometry and dimensional properties certain processes are more preferable for obtaining satisfactory products. The process limits for each process are established based on the analyzed crosssections of the spectrum. This data is expected to be useful for predicting the formability limits and for selecting the appropriate production process according to a given workpiece geometry.Dynamic-explicit FEM, Deep drawing,