Is the metaphysical status of "language game" in later wittgensteinian philosophy of language revolutionary or not?

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2005
Karagöz, Umut
The purpose of this study is to present the metaphysical status of أlanguage gameؤ in later Wittgensteinian philosophy of language and to deal with the revolutionary role of أlanguage-gameؤ by means of Hintikka̕s interpretation of later Wittgenstein. It is usual to divide Wittgenstein̕s work into the early and the later period. The early period is based upon the picture theory of meaning, according to which a sentence represents a state of affairs. On the other hand, the later period gives special emphasis on the actions of people and the role their linguistic activities. The early period ignored factual or cognitive meaning since it relied on mirroring the structure of state of affairs by sentences. So, early period of Wittgenstein was concluded that أwhereof we can̕t speak, thereof we must be silent.ؤ This idea gives clues about metaphysics of early Wittgenstein. In this sense, language is treated in abstraction from activities of human beings. In the later work, Wittgenstein emphasizes everyday usage of language in أlanguage-gameؤ as social activities of ordering, advising, measuring, and counting and so on. These different أlanguage-gamesؤ make up أform of lifeؤ. أLanguage gameؤ with other vital notions of later Wittgenstein, as أform of lifeؤ, أagreementؤ establishes language matrix. So, later period of Wittgenstein is a rejection of his early period. Actually, his treatment of philosophy and philosopher is different from his early period. In addition to this, later Wittgenstein mainly focuses on the principle of أmeaning=useؤ which is called contextual theory of meaning. In his later period, Wittgenstein aims to bring back words from metaphysics to everyday usage. On the other hand, metaphysics still plays a role in his later period as his early period, although he altered his early philosophy of language. To sum up, the notion of أlanguage-gameؤ is

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Citation Formats
U. Karagöz, “Is the metaphysical status of “language game” in later wittgensteinian philosophy of language revolutionary or not?,” M.A. - Master of Arts, Middle East Technical University, 2005.