The problem of freedom in the context of the law of causality in Kant's critique of pure reason

Özdoyran, Güven
The main concern of the thesis is the problem of reconciliation of freedom and natural causality and to investigate how Kant makes a room for freedom. Kant, firstly, in أAnalyticؤ, constitutes the conditions of knowledge upon which the objective validity of the law of causality entirely rests. This process of constitution also determines the limits of experience. On the other hand, Kant, in أDialecticؤ, postulates freedom as a noumenal cause together with the law of causality. Transcendental freedom, in this case, is a problematic concept which transcends the limits of experience, as it seems to destruct the unity of experience. However, Kant gives up neither the law of causality nor the idea of freedom, but rather he insists upon the idea that they can exist together without contradiction by asserting the distinction between phenomena and noumena as different grounds on which these two different types of causalities rest. According to Kant both are indispensable, as the former is necessary for the knowledge and the latter is absolutely needed for morality. In this context this thesis aims to explain the objective validity of natural causality which is proved in Second Analogy and the transcendental ground of the idea of freedom which is established in the solution of Third Antinomy in Kant̕s Critique of Pure Reason. And it is discussed whether Kant̕s solution of this issue is satisfactory and legitimate or not.


Is the metaphysical status of "language game" in later wittgensteinian philosophy of language revolutionary or not?
Karagöz, Umut; Grünberg, David; Department of Philosophy (2005)
The purpose of this study is to present the metaphysical status of أlanguage gameؤ in later Wittgensteinian philosophy of language and to deal with the revolutionary role of أlanguage-gameؤ by means of Hintikka̕s interpretation of later Wittgenstein. It is usual to divide Wittgenstein̕s work into the early and the later period. The early period is based upon the picture theory of meaning, according to which a sentence represents a state of affairs. On the other hand, the later period gives special emphasis ...
The Relation between metaphysics and art in Nietzsche’s philosophy
Karahan Balya, Gülizar; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2015)
The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the significance and relative positions of two central themes in Nietzsche’s philosophy, namely metaphysics and art. The perspective of life and the thought of will to power are located at the core of this investigation since they are considered to function as the organising ideas in Nietzsche’s overall philosophy. This perspective and thought require existence to be viewed as groundless and excessive and particularly as a constant flux of becoming that is ...
The significance of time in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason
Çifteci, Volkan; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2011)
The purpose of this thesis is to give an account of the significance of time in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason by discussing its role in the unification of sensibility and understanding. I primarily investigate the role that time plays in the constitution of objective knowledge. I discuss that since time is the necessary condition for objects to be given to our sensibility, without it any representation would be without a temporal order and perhaps would not make any sense at all. Kant claims that it is ima...
The relation of freedom and evil in Kant’s moral philosophy
Aydın Bayram, Selma; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2006)
The purpose of this study is to examine concepts of freedom and evil, and to clarify their relation in terms of Kant’s moral philosophy. In this study, I firstly examine Kant’s understanding of freedom and the problems that this understanding leads to. I also discuss how the concept of freedom can be reconciled with the concept of evil expressed in the form of “propensity to evil”. Additionally, I attempt to show the significance of the notion of evil for Kant’s moral theory. Evil is one of the most critici...
The problem of self-knowledge in Kant's critique of pure reason
Haşar, Ekim; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2010)
The self-knowledge has been a central problem throughout the history of philosophy, but it has remained, as Kant also declares, as the ―most difficult‖ of all tasks of reason. In this study, I scrutinize the grounds of this difficulty and search for the answers to the question ―what can we comprehend about the notion of self from a Kantian standpoint?‖ In this respect, this study is a reading of Kant‘s Critique of Pure Reason with the focus of the problem of self-knowledge. We can see that this concept has ...
Citation Formats
G. Özdoyran, “The problem of freedom in the context of the law of causality in Kant’s critique of pure reason,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.