Extraction of auditory evoked potentials from ongoing eeg

Aydın, Serap
In estimating auditory Evoked Potentials (EPs) from ongoing EEG the number of sweeps should be reduced to decrease the experimental time and to increase the reliability of diagnosis. The rst goal of this study is to demon- strate the use of basic estimation techniques in extracting auditory EPs (AEPs) from small number of sweeps relative to ensemble averaging (EA). For this purpose, three groups of basic estimation techniques are compared to the traditional EA with respect to the signal-to-noise ratio(SNR) improve- ments in extracting the template AEP. Group A includes the combinations of the Subspace Method (SM) with the Wiener Filtering (WF) approaches (the conventional WF and coherence weighted WF (CWWF). Group B con- sists of standard adaptive algorithms (Least Mean Square (LMS), Recursive Least Square (RLS), and one-step Kalman ltering (KF). The regularization techniques (the Standard Tikhonov Regularization (STR) and the Subspace Regularization (SR) methods) forms Group C. All methods are tested in sim- ulations and pseudo-simulations which are performed with white noise and EEG measurements, respectively. The same methods are also tested with experimental AEPs. Comparisons based on the output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) show that: 1) the KF and STR methods are the best methods among the algorithms tested in this study,2) the SM can reduce the large amount of the background EEG noise from the raw data, 3) the LMS and WF algo- rithms show poor performance compared to EA. The SM should be used as 1 a pre-lter to increase their performance. 4) the CWWF works better than the WF when it is combined with the SM, 5) the STR method is better than the SR method. It is observed that, most of the basic estimation techniques show denitely better performance compared to EA in extracting the EPs. The KF or the STR e®ectively reduce the experimental time (to one-fourth of


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Citation Formats
S. Aydın, “Extraction of auditory evoked potentials from ongoing eeg,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2005.