Genetic characterization pinus nigra subspecies pallasiana varieties, natural populations (seed stands), seed orchards and plantations

Çengel (Nazlıer), Burcu
Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana is one of the most widespread and economically important forest tree species in Turkey. Primary objective of the present study was to to reveal the effects of forestry practices by determining genetic diversity of natural and managed seed sources by means of RAPD markers. Secondly, two varieties were also investigated to reveal their pattern of genetic variation. Seed stands, seed orchards and plantations were screened against 11 RAPD primers and generated 152 polymorphic DNA loci. Two varieties were compared with a reference seed source and 4 natural seed sources. Seven primers generated 66 polymorphic DNA loci. An overall average for effective number of alleles was 1.68±0.030; observed heterozygosity was 0.49±0.024; expected heterozygosity was 0.38±0.014 and proportion of polymorphic loci was 93% for all seed sources considered. Results revealed that there was no considerable variation between seed source categories but some degree of variation was observed within seed orchards and plantations. Mean FST value estimated for the natural populations revealed that 94% of the total genetic variation was within populations. Nei̕s genetic distance values were also estimated for seed source categories (0.03-0.14). Nevertheless, varieties̕ genetic distance values were considerably higher than other natural seed sources (0.07-0.19). Their dendrogram also claimed that two varieties are genetically different from natural populations. The extent of genetic diversity explored by RAPD markers revealed that forestry practices caused no major changes in the managed populations with respect to natural populations. Moreover, further study is needed to illustrate genetic divergence of varieties.


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Liquidambar L. genus is represented with mainly 4 species in the world and one of these species, Turkish sweet gum (Liquidambar orientalis Mill.) which is a relictendemic species is naturally found in only southwestern Turkey, mainly in Muğla Province. The limited distribution of species with two disputed varieties (var. integriloba Fiori and var. orientalis) and increased anthropogenic threats to its genetic resources signify the importance of studying genetic diversity in the species to have better conser...
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Scald disease (Rhynchosporium secalis) is one of the major plant diseases causing considerable yield loss in barley (Hordeum vulgare) plantations in Turkey. To develop, scald resistant barley varieties, C.R.I.F.C. of Turkey has a large accumulated collection of barley seed sources in hand, but these samples are difficult to be followed and used in the breeding programs due to lack of genetic studies on them. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize and fingerprint of eighty barley seed sources,...
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Sudupak, MA; Akkaya, Mahinur; Kence, A (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2004-03-01)
AFLP markers were used to assess genetic relationships among Cicer species with distribution in Turkey. Genetic distances were computed among 47 Cicer accessions representing four perennial and six annual species including chickpea, using 306 positions on AFLP gels. AFLP-based grouping of species revealed two clusters, one of which includes three perennial species, Cicer montbretii, Cicer isauricum and Cicer anatolicum, while the other cluster consists of two subclusters, one including one perennial, Cicer ...
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Koban, Evren; Togan, İnci Zehra; Department of Biology (2004)
In this study the genetic diversity in Turkish native sheep breeds was investigated based on microsatellite DNA loci. In total, 423 samples from 11 native and crossbreed Turkish sheep breeds (Akkaraman, Morkaraman, Kivircik, Ivesi, Dagliç, Karayaka, Hemsin, Norduz, Kangal, Konya Merinosu, Türkgeldi) and one Iraqi breed (Hamdani) were analyzed by sampling from breeding farms and local breeders. After excluding close relatives by Kinship analysis, the genetic variation within breeds was estimated as gene dive...
Citation Formats
B. Çengel (Nazlıer), “Genetic characterization pinus nigra subspecies pallasiana varieties, natural populations (seed stands), seed orchards and plantations,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2005.