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Dynamic pull analysis for estimating seismic response

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2006
Değirmenci, Can
The analysis procedures employed in earthquake engineering can be classified as linear static, linear dynamic, nonlinear static and nonlinear dynamic. Linear procedures are usually referred to as force controlled and require less analysis time and less computational effort. On the other hand, nonlinear procedures are referred to as deformation controlled and they are more reliable in characterizing the seismic performance of buildings. However, there is still a great deal of unknowns for nonlinear procedures, especially in modelling the reinforced concrete structures. Turkey ranks high among all countries that have suffered losses of life and property due to earthquakes over many centuries. These casualties indicate that, most regions of the country are under seismic risk of strong ground motion. In addition to this phenomenon, recent studies have demonstrated that near fault ground motions are more destructive than far-fault ones on structures and these effects can not be captured effectively by recent nonlinear static procedures. The main objective of this study is developing a simple nonlinear dynamic analysis procedure which is named as “Dynamic Pull Analysis” for estimating the seismic response of multi degree of freedom (MDOF) systems. The method is tested on a six-story reinforced concrete frame and a twelve-story reinforced concrete frame that are designed according to the regulations of TS-500 (2000) and TEC (1997).