Conductive coating materials

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2006
Çakar, İlknur
In this study, electrically conductive coating materials composed of epoxy resin and carbon black (CB) were prepared by applying two different mixing techniques (Grinding and Mechanical Mixing). The effect of carbon black addition, ultrasonication, mixing type and surface modification of carbon black on the morphologies, electrical and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. According to test results, Grinding Method is much more efficient and for this method, percolation concentration was found as 2 vol %. The electrical resistivity value obtained at this composition is around 107 ohm.cm. Also, for the samples prepared by Grinding Method, the hardness increased by adding conductive filler, but the impact energy and adhesive strength decreased with increasing carbon black content. Ultrasonication was applied to the samples containing 2 vol % CB obtained by Grinding Method to reduce the electrical resistivity further. Three different ultrasonic mixing times were tried, however, no positive effect was observed on electrical and mechanical properties. Since the addition of carbon black has a negative effect on the processability of the mixture, it was aimed to obtain desired conductivity value at lower percolation concentration by modifying carbon black surface with different silane coupling agents and formamide. The best result in terms of electrical conductivity was obtained for the materials produced with formamide treated carbon black by Grinding Method. At 1 vol % concentration, the electrical resistivity was found as approximately 106 ohm.cm which is three orders smaller than the resistivity of materials prepared with untreated carbon black.

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Citation Formats
İ. Çakar, “Conductive coating materials,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.