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Comparison of decoding algorithms for low-density parity-check codes

Kolaylı, Mert
Low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes are a subclass of linear block codes. These codes have parity-check matrices in which the ratio of the non-zero elements to all elements is low. This property is exploited in defining low complexity decoding algorithms. Low-density parity-check codes have good distance properties and error correction capability near Shannon limits. In this thesis, the sum-product and the bit-flip decoding algorithms for low-density parity-check codes are implemented on Intel Pentium M 1,86 GHz processor using the software called MATLAB. Simulations for the two decoding algorithms are made over additive white gaussian noise (AWGN) channel changing the code parameters like the information rate, the blocklength of the code and the column weight of the parity-check matrix. Performance comparison of the two decoding algorithms are made according to these simulation results. As expected, the sum-product algorithm, which is based on soft-decision decoding, outperforms the bit-flip algorithm, which depends on hard-decision decoding. Our simulations show that the performance of LDPC codes improves with increasing blocklength and number of iterations for both decoding algorithms. Since the sum-product algorithm has lower error-floor characteristics, increasing the number of iterations is more effective for the sum-product decoder compared to the bit-flip decoder. By having better BER performance for lower information rates, the bit-flip algorithm performs according to the expectations; however, the performance of the sum-product decoder deteriorates for information rates below 0.5 instead of improving. By irregular construction of LDPC codes, a performance improvement is observed especially for low SNR values.