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Design and analysis of fixturing in assembly of sheet metal components of helicopters

Bayar, Fatih Mehmet
Assembling of the compliant parts used in aviation industry is a challenging process. Assembly fixtures are quite important tools in this effort and widely used in industry. In fixturing of easily deformable sheet metal parts, besides restraining the rigid body motion of the parts, the possible deformations that may occur during the assembly process and the spring-back effect on the final product need to be taken in to consideration. In order to guarantee a successful assembling, in other words, to obtain the final product within specified tolerances, a systematic approach to the fixture design problem is required. The designer should predict the correlation between the input variations and the final assembly variation, especially, for the complex assemblies. This study proposes a design and analysis approach in fixturing of sheet metal assemblies for helicopter components. The design of an assembly fixture for a particular tail cone has been completed convenient to the existing locating principles. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) has been realized in simulating the assembling process in order to predict the possible variation of the interested feature on a complex assembly due to deformations.