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Numerical simulations on stimulated raman scattering for fiber raman amplifiers and lasers using spectral methods

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2007
Berberoğlu, Halil
Optical amplifiers and lasers continue to play its crucial role and they have become an indispensable part of the every fiber optic communication systems being installed from optical network to ultra-long haul systems. It seems that they will keep on to be a promising future technology for high speed, long-distance fiber optic transmission systems. The numerical simulations of the model equations have been already commercialized by the photonic system designers to meet the future challenges. One of the challenging problems for designing Raman amplifiers or lasers is to develop a numerical method that meets all the requirements such as accuracy, robustness and speed. In the last few years, there have been much effort towards solving the coupled differential equations of Raman model with high accuracy and stability. The techniques applied in literature for solving propagation equations are mainly based on the finite differences, shooting or in some cases relaxation methods. We have described a new method to solve the nonlinear equations such as Newton-Krylov iteration and performed numerical simulations using spectral methods. A novel algorithm implementing spectral method (pseuodspectral) for solving the two-point boundary value problem of propagation equations is proposed, for the first time to the authors' knowledge in this thesis. Numerical results demonstrate that in a few iterations great accuracy is obtained using fewer grid points.