Design and implementation of a current source converter based statcom for reactive power compensation

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2007
Bilgin, Hazım Faruk
This research work is devoted to the analysis, design and development of the first medium power Current-Source Converter (CSC) based distribution-type Static Synchronous Compensator (D-STATCOM) with simplest converter topology and coupling transformer connection. The developed CSC-D-STATCOM includes a +/-750kVAr full-bridge CSC employing Selective Harmonic Elimination Method (SHEM), a 250kVAr low-pass input filter at 1kV voltage level, and a Δ/Y connected coupling transformer for connection to medium-voltage load bus. The power stage of CSC is composed of series connection of natural air-cooled high-voltage IGCT switched at 500 Hz for the elimination of four lowest current harmonic components (5th, 7th, 11th, 13th), and optimized fast recovery high voltage diode in each leg. Reactive power control is achieved by applying the phase shift angle control at fixed modulation index, which is implemented digitally on a DSP microcontroller. The developed system has been implemented for compensation of rapidly varying reactive power demand of coal mining excavators in Turkish Coal Enterprises. The field test results have shown that the proposed CSC D-STATCOM serves as a technologically new full substitute of conventional Voltage-Source Converter based D-STATCOM having complex transformer connections in view of relatively fast response in reactive power compensation, very low total demand distortion factors, complying with the IEEE Std. 519-1992 even for the weakest power systems, and acceptable efficacy figures.

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Citation Formats
H. F. Bilgin, “Design and implementation of a current source converter based statcom for reactive power compensation,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2007.