Synthesis, characterization and electrical properties of diazophenylene and diazodiphenylene bridged co, ni, cu, ce, and er phthalocyanine polymers

Alkan, Cemil
In this research, diazophenylene and diazodiphenylene bridged metal-phthalocyanine polymers were produced from diazonium salt of diaminophenylene/bensidin and pre-synthesized tetraamino metal phthalocyanines. Tetraamino metal phthalocyanine complexes of Co, Ni, Cu, Ce, and Er were obtained by reducing tetranitro metal phthalocyanine complexes synthesized from 3-nitrophthalic anhydride, urea, metal salt, and ammonium molybdate catalyst. Complexes and polymers were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Radiation (FTIR) and UV-Visible spectroscopies. X-Ray analysis showed that there were short range orientations in the polymers. Thermal analysis of the complexes and the polymers were done by differential scanning calorimetry and thermal gravimetric analysis at a heating rate of 10 Cmin1 under nitrogen atmosphere. Ash analysis was performed to determine the metal content of the polymers. Viscosity and ebullioscopy measurements of the soluble part of the polymers were carried out in THF at 25 C. Scanning electron microscopy were used for morphology investigations of the polymers. Four probe conductivity measurements showed that electrical conductivity of the polymers increased according to the metallic conductivity of the metal at the center of the phthalocyanine units. When doped with iodine, the polymer samples showed 104 fold increase in their conductivities. Current-Voltage (I-V) measurements showed that the polymers were optically sensitive and semiconductors. Electrochemical analysis of the soluble part of the polymers were determined in tributylamine perchlorite+dichloromethane mixture utilizing cyclic voltammetry (CV).


Synthesis of polythiophene and polypyrrole derivatives and their application in electrochromic devices
Ak, Metin; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Department of Chemistry (2006)
Different substituted thiophene and pyrrole monomers namely hexamethylene (bis-3-thiopheneacetamide) (HMTA), N-(4-(3-thienylmethylene)-oxycarbonylphenyl)maleimide (MBThi), 2,4,6-Tris-(4-pyrrol-1-yl-phenoxy)-[1,3,5]triazine (TriaPy), 2,4,6-Tris-(thiophen-3-ylmethoxy)-[1,3,5] triazine (TriaTh), and N-(2-(thiophen-3-yl)methylcarbonyloxyethyl) maleimide (NMT) were synthesized. The chemical structures of the monomers were characterized by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H-NMR and 13C-NMR) and Fourier Transform Infr...
Immobiliation of glucose oxidase and polyphenol oxidase in conducting copolymer of pyrrole functionalized polystyrene with pyrrole
Ekinci, Olçun; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Department of Chemistry (2006)
Electrochemical polymerization of pyrrole functionalized polystyrene (PStPy) with pyrrole was carried out in water-sodium dodecyl sulfate solvent-electrolyte couple. Characterization of the resulting copolymer was performed via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and four probe conductivity measurements. Glucose oxidase and polyphenol oxidase enzymes were immobilized in polypyrrole (PPy) and conducting copolymer of pyrrole functionalized polystyrene with pyrrol...
Synthesis and characterization of waterborne silane coupling agent containing silicone-acrylic resin
Akın, Özlem; Aras, Leyla; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2004)
In this study, waterborne silicone-acrylic resin was produced by incorporating silane coupling agent onto the acrylic main chain by emulsion polymerization. After applying different emulsion polymerization processes, batch polymerization was selected to obtain the resultant resin. Thus finding the optimum conditions by investigating the parameters of monomer ratios, initiators, concentrations of initiators, temperature and time, the novel resin was synthesized. Water-dispersed silicone-acrylic resin was pro...
Synthesis and characterization of polypropylene based ion-exchange resin
Ecevit, Safiye Tuba; Aras, Leyla; Tinçer, Teoman; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2012)
The synthesis of ion-exchange resin which can be used in various separation and chemical purposes, such as diffusion dialysis, electro dialysis, electrolysis and fuel cells has of considerable interest. For all these applications, the interactions of the ionic groups and the resulted morphologies are critical for establishing the unique properties. Considerable researches have been continued to understand the microstructure of these materials. The aim of this study is to synthesize polypropylene (PP) based ...
Microwave-assisted simultaneous novel synthesis of poly(dibromophenylene oxide)s, poly(diiodophenylene oxide)s (p), conducting(cp) and/or crosslinked (clp) and/or radical ion polymers (rip)
Çelik, Güler Bayraklı; Kısakürek, Duygu; Department of Chemistry (2007)
Microwave-assisted novel synthesis of poly(dibromophenylene oxide) or poly(diiodophenylene oxide) (P), conducting polymer (CP) and/or crosslinked polymer (CLP) and/or radical ion polymer (RIP) were achieved simultaneously from lithium, sodium or potassium 2,4,6-bromophenolate or sodium 2,4,6-iodophenolate in a very short time interval. Polymerizations were carried out by constant microwave energy with different time intervals varying from 1 to 20 min; or at constant time intervals with variation of microwav...
Citation Formats
C. Alkan, “Synthesis, characterization and electrical properties of diazophenylene and diazodiphenylene bridged co, ni, cu, ce, and er phthalocyanine polymers,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2004.