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Entanglement measures

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2008
Uyanık, Kıvanç
Being a puzzling feature of quantum mechanics, entanglement caused many debates since the infancy days of quantum theory. But it is the last two decades that it has started to be seen as a resource for physical tasks which are not possible or extremely infeasible to be done classically. Popular examples are quantum cryptography - secure communication based on laws of physics - and quantum computation - an exponential speedup for factoring large integers. On the other hand, with current technological restrictions it seems to be difficult to preserve specific entangled states and to distribute them among distant parties. Therefore a precise measurement of quantum entanglement is necessary. In this thesis, common bipartite and multipartite entanglement measures in the literature are reviewed. Mathematical definitions, proofs of satisfaction of basic axioms and significant properties for each are given as far as possible. For Tangle and Geometric Measure of Entanglement, which is a multipartite measure, results of numerical calculations for some specific states are shown.