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Identification of handling models for road vehicles

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2008
Arıkan, Kutluk Bilge
This thesis reports the identification of linear and nonlinear handling models for road vehicles starting from structural identifiability analysis, continuing with the experiments to acquire data on a vehicle equipped with a sensor set and data acquisition system and ending with the estimation of parameters using the collected data. The 2 degrees of freedom (dof) linear model structure originates from the well known linear bicycle model that is frequently used in handling analysis of road vehicles. Physical parameters of the bicycle model structure are selected as the unknown parameter set that is to be identified. Global identifiability of the model structure is analysed, in detail, and concluded according to various available sensor sets. Physical parameters of the bicycle model structure are estimated using prediction error estimation method. Genetic algorithms are used in the optimization phase of the identification algorithm to overcome the difficulty in the selection of initial values for parameter estimates. Validation analysis of the identified model is also presented. Identified model is shown to track the system response successfully. Following the linear model identification, identification of 3 dof nonlinear models are studied. Local identifiability analysis is done and optimal input is designed using the same procedure for linear model structure identification. Practical identifiability analysis is performed using Fisher Information Matrix. Physical parameters are estimated using the data from simulated experiments. High accuracy estimates are obtained. Methodology for nonlinear handling model identification is presented.