Optimization of mannanase production from recombinant aspergillus sojae and analysis of galactomannan hydrolysis

Öztürk, Bengü
Aspergillus fumigatus produces enzymes required for the hydrolysis of galactomannans like locust bean gum. Among these enzymes endo-beta-1,4 mannanase is also produced at high levels. However, the fungus is not safe for use in the food industry. Therefore, the gene encoding endo-beta-1,4-mannanase of A. fumigatus IMI 385708 was previously cloned in our laboratory into Aspergillus sojae ATCC11906 which is a safe microorganism for use in food applications. Altogether eight transformants were obtained. It was shown that some of these transformants overproduce the enzyme because of expression under the control of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase promoter and fusion to the glucoamylase signal and pro-peptide coding region of Aspergillus niger. In this study, mannanase production of these transformants was compared with A. fumigatus and A. sojae transformant AsT1 showed c. 12 fold increase with the maximum activity of 352 U/ml. The effects of initial medium pH and number of spores on activity were investigated and maximum activity was achieved at pH 7.0 and the number of spores was found as 3.6 × 106. Optimization of the growth conditions for maximum mannanase production in shake flasks by using the best mannanase producing transformant AsT1 was carried out by using Box-Behnken design under Response Surface Methodology. The highest beta-mannanase activity on the fourth day of cultivation at 30 ºC was obtained as 363 U/ml in the optimized medium containing 7% sugar beet molasses, 0.43% NH4NO3, 0.1% K2HPO4, 0.05% MgSO4 as the weight/volume percentage at 207 rpm. On sixth day of cultivation under the optimized conditions, the highest mannanase activity was achieved as 482 U/ml which is 1.4 fold of 352 U/ml activity found on glucose medium previously. After 48 h of LBG hydrolysis by 40 U of mannanase, mannotriose, 61-galactosyl-beta-D-mannotriose and 63,64-di-alpha-galactosyl-beta-1,4-mannopentaose were found as the main products via HPLC analysis.


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Recombinant Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis , and Bacillus licheniformis were used for the production of serine alkaline protease (SAP) utilizing chemically and/or physically pretreated molasses. The highest enzyme activity was obtained with r- Bacillus subtilis , with the complex medium involving physically treated molasses having 20 kg m(-3) initial sucrose concentration in small-scale, agitation- and heating rate-controlled bioreactors at t=63 h. Effects of oxygen transfer ...
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Citation Formats
B. Öztürk, “Optimization of mannanase production from recombinant aspergillus sojae and analysis of galactomannan hydrolysis,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.