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Cluster based user scheduling schemes to exploit multiuser diversity in wireless broadcast channels

Soydan, Yusuf
Diversity methods are used to improve the reliability of the communication between transmitter and receiver. These methods use redundancy to reduce the errors in the communication link. Apart from the conventional diversity methods, multiuser diversity has an aim of maximizing the sum capacity of a multi-user system. To benefit from multiuser diversity, the opportunistic scheduling method grants the channel access to the user which has the best channel quality among all users. Therefore, the cumulative sum of the information sent to all users, which is the sum capacity, is maximized in the long term. Although the opportunistic scheduling maximizes the sum capacity, it has some drawbacks such as the feedback load growing with the number of users and the problem of fairness for the users which may have lower channel quality than some other users. In this thesis, these two issues are investigated for the broadcast channels. Feedback quantization, which gives partial information on the channel state, is studied to mitigate the feedback load with a goal of little loss in the sum capacity. The thresholds for the finite feedback quantization are determined to provide fairness and to reduce the feedback load at the same time. To provide fairness, users are grouped into clusters and thresholds are optimized for each cluster. A method is proposed by extending the one given by Floren et. al. to solve the mentioned problems and the proposed method is compared with some other scheduling methods in the literature.