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Expression profiling in response to ascochyta rabiei inoculations in chickpea

Avcıoğlu Dündar, Banu
In this study, it was aimed to identify chickpea (Cicer arietinum) genes or gene fragments expressed upon Ascochyta rabiei infection using a tolerant chickpea cultivar ILC195 and fungal isolates with varying level of pathogenicity. PCR amplification of resistance gene analogs (RGA) and disease related genes, and mRNA differential display reverse transcription (DDRT) were used to get these expressed gene fragments in chickpea. The constitutively or differentially expressed PCR product fragments were cloned and sequenced. Out of nearly 300 clones, 160 sequences (expressed sequence tags, ESTs) could be analyzed and these sequences were disclosed in this study. About 100 of these ESTs were classified according to predicted “molecular function”, “biological process” and “cellular component”. The most common ppredicted functions of the products coded by these ESTs were “Protein Fate”, “Metabolism”, “Cell Rescue, Defense and Virulence”, “Transcription”, “Transport”, “Energy”, and “Cell Fate”. Six ESTs were subjected to Real-Time quantitative RT-PCR analysis to compare the response of ILC195 infected by one A.rabiei isolate with another resistant chickpea genotype (FLIP84-92C)/A.rabiei pathotype system. Some of these genes were differentially expressed among different chickpea/A.rabiei isolate combinations. Highly upregulated ESTs in all these combinations were a formate dehydrogenase (metabolism and detoxification), a serine carboxypeptidase (protein fate and communication) and a hypothetical protein probably similar to acyl-CoA synthetases. A genetic mapping study was carried out with EST specific primers and two EST markers were assigned in the current chickpea genetic map. However, no genetic linkage of them was detected with known chickpea quantitative trait loci for A.rabiei resistance.