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lnvestigation differences in educational ideologies of school leaders in Mersin in relation to gender, academic degree and in-service training

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2008
Yerli, Aslıhan Hancı
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of school leaders’ individual differences on educational and general ideologies in primary schools and kindergartens, in Mersin province, Turkey. The study aims to find out whether there are differences in educational and general ideologies in terms of school leaders’ gender, academic degree, and the number of in-service training that they have participated. Quantitative method and a causal-comparative research design were used in this study. All primary and kindergarten school principals were the target population of the study. Survey method was used and a questionnaire which composes of two sections; demographics and Educational Ideologies Inventory (EII) were applied in this study. The questionnaires were distributed to 456 school leaders and 265 of them responded the survey. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were made by SPSS version 15.0 program. The results of descriptive statistical analysis showed that school leaders have an inclination to liberalism in both educational and general ideologies. 35.2% of the school leaders had educational conservative ideologies (fundamentalism, intellectualism, and conservatism) and 64.8% of them had educational liberal ideologies (liberalism, liberationalism, and anarchism). In addition, 33.6% of the school leaders were general conservative and 66.4% were general liberal. Multivariate Analysis of Variances (MANOVA) was conducted to find out any difference in educational and general ideologies of school leaders in terms of gender academic degree and the number of in-service training that they have participated. The results showed that gender and the number of in-service training that school leaders have participated did not create a difference in school leaders’ educational and general ideologies. However, the results of this study revealed that academic degree of school leaders lead to a difference in educational ideologies of them. Consequently, the results of this study contribute to fill the gap in the literature concerning educational and general ideologies of school leaders in relation to gender, academic degree and the number of in-serving training that school leaders have participated.