In vivo interaction of carcinogenic acrylamide with cytochrome p450 isozymes and phase II enzymes in rabbit liver, kidney and lung

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2008
Nuyan, Mine
Acrylamide is an industrially produced chemical with known neurotoxic, reproductive toxin and carcinogenic effects. The carcinogenicity associated with acrylamide is mostly attributed to its metabolism by liver CYP2E1. However, studies investigating the effects of acrylamide on CYP2E1 enzyme are limited. In this study, it was aimed to investigate in vivo interaction of carcinogenic acrylamide on microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme activities, and protein levels, and on cytosolic NQO1 and GST enzyme activities of rabbit liver, kidney and lung of acrylamide-treated rabbits. The in vivo protective effect of resveratrol, a phenolic compound, was also investigated on acrylamide toxicity. New Zealand male rabbits were treated with acrylamide and resveratrol, separately in different doses and conditions. Their combined effects were also investigated. CYP2E1-dependent p-Nitrophenol hydroxylase, NDMA N-demethylase and aniline 4-hydroxylase activities were found to be significantly increased in acrylamide-treated rabbit liver (1.80-3.0 fold) and kidney (1.6-fold). Rabbit liver and kidney CYP2E1 protein levels (determined by western blot analyisis) also increased approximately 2-fold due to acrylamide treatment. In rabbit liver, resveratrol was found significantly effective in decreasing both acrylamide-induced CYP2E1-dependent enzyme activities (approximately 1.5-1.80 fold) and CYP2E1 protein levels (approximately 1.5-1.70 fold). Additionally, resveratrol significantly decreased acrylamide-induced CYP2E1 protein level (2-2.5 fold) in rabbit kidney. However, no significant change was observed in rabbit lung CYP2E1-dependent enzyme activities and CYP2E1 protein levels due to acrylamide, resveratrol or their combined treatments. Furthermore, it was found that acrylamide treatment significantly increased CYP3A6-dependent erythromycin N-demethylase enzyme activity (1.85-fold) and CYP3A6 protein levels in rabbit liver (1.69-fold). No change was observed in CYP2B4-dependent benzphetamine N-demethylase enzyme activities of rabbit liver, kidney and lung by in vivo acrylamide, resveratrol or their combined treatments. Moreover, total GST and GST-Mu activities of rabbit kidney (1.5-fold, respectively) and total GST activity of rabbit lung (1.6-fold) were increased significantly only in resveratrol treated group. NQO1 enzyme activity of rabbit kidney was significantly increased by acrylamide treatment (1.6-fold). The results of the present study have demonstrated for the first time that acrylamide induces rabbit liver and kidney CYP2E1-dependent enzyme activities and CYP2E1 protein levels. The induction of CYP2E1 enzyme activity and protein level by acrylamide treatment can stimulate formation of other toxic compounds and procarcinogens metabolized by CYP2E1 which in turn further potentiates the risk of hepatotoxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity. In the present study, it was also demonstrated for the first time that acrylamide treatment also increases CYP3A6 enzyme activity in rabbit liver which may lead to alterations in drug metabolism. The results of this study have also suggested that resveratrol may have protective effects on acrylamide induced toxicity; however, further in vivo studies are required to clarify the effect of resveratrol on both acrylamide-induced toxicity and anti-oxidant enzymes.

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Citation Formats
M. Nuyan, “In vivo interaction of carcinogenic acrylamide with cytochrome p450 isozymes and phase II enzymes in rabbit liver, kidney and lung,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.