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Experimental investigation of near and far field flow characteristics of circular and non-circular turbulent jets

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2008
Taşar, Gürsu
The atomization problem of high speed viscous jets has many applications in industrial processes and machines. In all these applications, it is required that the droplets have high surface area/volume ratio meaning that the droplets should be as small as possible. This can be achieved with high rates of turbulence and mixing of the flow. In order to constitute a foresight of geometry e ects on droplet size, experimental investigation and the determination of flow characteristics in near and far fields of a low-speed air jet have been performed. In order to fulfill this task, three components of instantaneous velocity are measured, using a triple sensor Constant Temperature Anemometer (CTA) system. Through these measurements, mean velocity, Reynolds stress, velocity decay, spreading rate, turbulent kinetic energy, vorticity, and mass entrainment rate values are obtained. Stress-Strain relationship is also observed. Measurements are obtained for a baseline circular nozzle (round jet) as well as for an equilateral triangular and a square nozzle. On the basis of these measurements, the equilateral triangular jet is found to be the best option in order to get highest turbulence and mixing level with smallest core length.