Structural, mechanical, and biocompatibility investigations of yttrium and fluoride doped nano hydroxyapatite

Burçin, Başar
In this study, it was aimed to investigate the structural, mechanical and biological properties of nano hydroxyapatite (HA) doped with yttrium and fluoride with different compositions. HAs were synthesized by precipitation method. After sintering at 900oC, 1100oC or 1300oC for 1 hour, the structural properties of HAs were investigated by XRD, FTIR spectroscopy and SEM. High relative densities (above 88 % of relative density) were achieved after sintering. No second phases were observed in XRD measurements. Hexagonal lattice parameters and unit cell volumes of doped HAs decreased indicating the substitutions of ions. Characteristics absorbtion bands of HA and additional bands due to fluoride substitutions were observed in FTIR patterns. SEM images showed that grain sizes decreased with increasing doping amounts and decreasing sintering temperatures. Discs prepared by cold pressing were sintered at 900oC, 1100oC and 1300oC for 1 hour to determine mechanical properties. Mechanical properties of HAs were found to be directly related to the sintering temperatures and amount of dopings. Biocompatibility of pure and doped HA discs was assessed with in vitro cytotoxicity studies. Cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation state of cells were studied using MTT, ALP and calcium assays and SEM. Cell attachment and proliferation were enhanced with dopings and increasing sintering temperatures. The highest ALP production and calcium deposition were observed on HAs sintered at 1100oC. In vitro studies revealed that 1100oC was the sintering temperature for best cell responses. Specifically, 2.5YFHA seemed to be promising as an alternative for pure HA among all doped HAs.


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Citation Formats
B. Burçin, “Structural, mechanical, and biocompatibility investigations of yttrium and fluoride doped nano hydroxyapatite,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.