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Use of terrain information to improve the performance of a target tracker

Canay, Mustafa
Radar target tracking problem has been a popular topic for several decades. Recent works have shown that the performance of tracking algorithms increases as more prior information is used by the system; such as maximum velocity and maximum acceleration of the target, altitude of the target, or the elevation structure of the terrain. In this thesis we will focus on increasing the performance of tracking algorithms making use of benefit from the elevation model of the environment where the target tracker is searching. For a constant target altitude and a certain radar location, we generate a “visibility map” using the elevation model of the terrain and use this information to estimate the location and the time that the target will reappear. The second aim of this work is to use the visibility map information for improving the performance of track initiation. For that purpose, a special map has been formed, that we call as the “track initiation probability map”, which shows the target first time appearance density. This information has been used at the initialization part of the track initiation algorithm in order to increase the performance.