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An electronic control unit design for a miniature jet engine

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2010
Polat, Cuma
Gas turbines are widely used as power sources in many industrial and transportation applications. This kind of engine is the most preferred prime movers in aircrafts, power plants and some marine vehicles. They have different configurations according to their mechanical constructions such as turbo-prop, turbo-shaft, turbojet, etc. These engines have different efficiencies and specifications and some advantages and disadvantages compared to Otto-Cycle engines. In this thesis, a small turbojet engine is investigated in order to find different control algorithms. AMT Olympus HP small turbojet engine has been used to determine the mathematical model of a gas turbine engine. Some important experimental data were taken from AMT Olympus engine by making many experiments. All components of the engine have been modeled by using laws of thermodynamics and some arithmetic calculations such as numerical solution of nonlinear differential equations, digitizing compressor and turbine map etc. This mathematical model is employed to create control algorithm of the engine. At first, standard control strategies had been considered such as P (proportional), PI (proportional integral), and PID (proportional-integral-differential) controllers. Because of the nonlinearities in gas turbines, standard control algorithms are not commonly used in literature. At the second stage fuzzy logic controllers have been designed to control the engine efficiently. This control algorithm was combined with mathematical of the engine in MATLAB environment and input-output relations were investigated. Finally, fuzzy logic control algorithm was embedded into an electronic controller.