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Experimental and computational investigation of the emergency coolant injection effect in a candu inlet header

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2009
Turhan, K. Zafer
Inlet headers in the primary heat transport system(PHTS) of CANDU type reactors, are used to collect the coolant coming from the steam generators and distribute them into the reactor core via several feeders. During a postulated loss of coolant accident (LOCA), depressurization and vapor supplement into the core may occur, which results a deterioration in the heat transfer from fuel to the coolant. When a depressurization occurs, “Emergency Coolant Injection(ECI)” system in the PHTS in CANDU reactors, is automatically become active and supply coolant is fed into the reactor core via the inlet header and feeders. . This study is focused on the experimental and computational investigation of the ECI effect during a LOCA in a CANDU inlet header. The experiments were carried out in METU Two-Phase Flow Test Facility which consists of a scaled CANDU inlet header having 5 connected feeders. The same tests were simulated with a one dimensional two-fluid computer code, CATHENA, developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited(AECL). The average void fraction and the two phase mass flowrate data measured in the experiments are compared with the results obtained from CATHENA simulation. Although a few mismatched points exist, the results coming from two different studies are mostly matching reasonably. Lack of three-dimensional modeling for headers in CATHENA and experimental errors are thought to be the reasons for these dismatches.